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Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music master in Kennington, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1864), daughter of Martin Hopkins...

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Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, first baronet (1827–1902) by Frank Bramley, 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beckett, Allan Harry (1914–2005), engineer, was born on 4 March 1914 at 294 Central Park Road, East Ham, London, the son of George William Harry Beckett, accounting clerk, and his wife, Emma Louise, née Stokes. He was originally given the first name Basil...

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[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

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Bodley, Sir Josias (c. 1550–1617), soldier and military engineer, was born in Exeter, the fifth and youngest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), merchant and later publisher, and his wife, Joan, née Hone (d. 1586). His brothers included the more celebrated Sir Thomas Bodley (1545–1613)...

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Burgh, Thomas (1670–1730), military engineer and architect, was the third son of Ulysses Burgh (d. 1692) of Drumkeen, co. Limerick, dean of Emly and later bishop of Ardagh, and Mary, daughter of William Kingsmill of Ballibeg, co. Cork. After education at Delany's school...

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Champain, Sir John Underwood Bateman- (1835–1887), army officer and engineer in the East India Company, second son of Colonel Agnew Champain (d. 1876), of the 9th foot, was born in Gloucester Place, London, on 22 July 1835. Educated at Cheltenham College and for a short time in fortification and military drawing at the private ...

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Clarke, Sir Andrew (1824–1902), military engineer and colonial official, was born on 27 July 1824 at Southsea, Hampshire, the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Clarke KH (1793–1847), governor of Western Australia (1846–7), the descendant of a Scottish family who had settled in Ireland...

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Congreve, Sir William, second baronet (1772–1828), rocket designer, was born on 20 May 1772, perhaps at Homerton, Hackney, Middlesex (where he was baptized), the eldest son of Captain-Lieutenant (later Lieutenant-General Sir) William Congreve, first baronet (1743–1814), Royal Artillery, and his first wife, Rebecca...

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Sir William Congreve, second baronet (1772–1828) by James Lonsdale, c. 1812 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Jonathan Spain

Desaguliers, Thomas (1721–1780), army officer and military engineer, was born on 5 January 1721, and baptized on 20 January at St Margaret's, Westminster, the fourth (but second surviving) son of John Theophilus Desaguliers (1683–1744), natural philosopher and engineer, and his wife, Joanna Pudsey (1690×95–1753)...

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Sir William Green, first baronet (1725–1811) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of the Chief Royal Engineer and Officers of the Corps of Royal Engineers

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Green, Sir William, first baronet (1725–1811), military engineer and army officer, was born on 4 April 1725 in St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, and baptized in the parish church on 11 April. He was the eldest son of Farbridge Green, and his wife, Helen Smith...

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Henderson, Sir Brodie Haldane (1869–1936), civil and military engineer, was born on 6 March 1869 at 24 Denmark Villas, Ealing, Middlesex, the sixth and youngest son of George Henderson, formerly of Langholm, Dumfries, a printer's reader, and his wife, Eliza, daughter of George Cockshutt...

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Jones, Reginald Victor (1911–1997), physicist and intelligence scientist, was born in Herne Hill, London, on 29 September 1911, the son of Harold Victor Jones (1880–1953), a sergeant of the Grenadier Guards, and his wife, Alice Margaret, née May (1890–1979).

Jones was educated at ...

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R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Mann, Gother (1747–1830), army officer and military engineer, was born on 21 December 1747 at Plumstead, Kent, the second son of Cornelius Mann and his wife, Elizabeth, née Gother. His father, a first cousin of Sir Horace Mann (1701–1786), went to the West Indies...

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Moncrieff, James (1744–1793), army officer and military engineer, was the son of James Moncrieff of Sauchop, Fife. He attended the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, between 11 March 1759 and 28 January 1762, when he was appointed practitioner engineer and ensign. During the earl of Albemarle's...

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Pateman, Jack Edward (1921–2004), aviation engineer and businessman, was born on 29 November 1921 in West Somerton, Norfolk, the son of William Edward Pateman, head gamekeeper, and his wife, Lucy Varley, née Jetten. After attending Great Yarmouth grammar school he served in the ...

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Phillips, Thomas (d. 1693), military engineer, may have been of Welsh origin but his parents and background are otherwise obscure. Nothing is known of his early years and he is first mentioned in 1661, when he was appointed master gunner of the warship ...

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Pynnar, Nicholas (d. 1644?), military engineer, is of unknown parents and background. Nothing is known of his early life, but he fought in the Low Countries before arriving in Ireland in May 1600 as captain of a regiment of foot to serve as part of the ...