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Aconcio, Jacopo [Jacobus Acontius] (c. 1520–1566/7?), theologian and military engineer, was perhaps born at Ossana, in the Val di Sole, not far from Trento in Italy, the son of Gerolamo Aconcio and his wife, Oliana. After studying law Aconcio was admitted to the ...

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See Armstrong, John

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John Armstrong (1674–1742) by unknown artist, c. 1711–20 [[Left to right] John Churchill, first duke of Marlborough (1650-1722) and ] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Armstrong, John (1674–1742), military engineer, was born on 31 March 1674 the eldest son of Robert Armstrong (c.1651–1716) of Ballyan, King's county (co. Offaly), Ireland and Lydia (c.1649–1715), daughter of Michael Howard of Ballyard, King's county. Armstrong entered young into a military life, serving as a volunteer in the Williamite army in ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Bisset, Charles (1717–1791), physician and military engineer, was born at Glenalbert, near Dunkeld, Perthshire, the son of a lawyer who specialized in Scots law. He studied medicine in Edinburgh and in 1740 was appointed second surgeon of the military hospital, Jamaica. He later served on board ...

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Elphinstone, Sir Howard, first baronet (1773–1846), military engineer, born on 4 March 1773, was of Scottish descent and was the sixth son of Captain John Elphinstone RN (1722–1785), later lieutenant-general and vice-admiral in the Russian service, who commanded the Russian fleet in the ...

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Sir George Everest (1790–1866) by Maull & Fox © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Everest, Sir George (1790–1866), geodesist and military engineer, was born in Greenwich on 4 July 1790, the third of six children and the eldest son of (William) Tristram Everest (1747–1825), a lawyer at Greenwich, and his wife, Lucetta Mary Smith (d. 1809)...

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Hale, William (1797–1870), rocket inventor and entrepreneur, was born on 21 October 1797 in Colchester, Essex, the son of Robert Hale, baker, and his wife, Elizabeth, and may have been descended from Sir Matthew Hale, lord chief justice.

Hale's early education is unknown, but his maternal grandfather, ...

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Haschenperg, Stephen von (fl. 1535–1547), military engineer, was a native of Moravia, who probably followed Mary of Hungary to the Netherlands when she became regent there for her brother, the emperor Charles V, in 1531. He is first recorded in an English context in 1535, when he offered his services to ...

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Ive, Paul (d. 1604), military engineer, was English but of uncertain origin. He styled himself as ‘gent.’ and may have come from Stepney in Middlesex, to whose parish church he made a substantial but otherwise unexplained bequest for poor relief. Although he has been identified as the '...

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Landmann, George Thomas (1780–1854), army officer and military engineer, was born on 11 April 1780 at Woolwich, Kent, the son of Isaac Landmann (1741–1826), professor of artillery and fortification at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, and his wife, Helene. Nothing is known of his school education. He became a cadet at the ...

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R. H. Vetch

revised by W. Johnson

Lascelles, Thomas (1669/70–1751), military engineer, was probably the Thomas Lascelles baptized at Leake, Yorkshire, on 16 May 1670, the son of Thomas Lascelles. He seems to have been a member of the Lascelles family who owned the small estate of Ganthorne in the ...

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R. H. Vetch

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Lilly, Christian (d. 1738), military engineer, was born in Hamburg, Germany, the son of Thomas Lilly and his wife, Mary. He began his military career in the service of Georg Wilhelm, duke of Celle, and Ernst August, duke of Hanover, in 1685, and was under the command of ...

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Lloyd, Sir Godfrey (b. after 1608, d. 1671?), military engineer, was the son of Sergeant-Major Brochwel Lloyd of Leighton and Moel-y-Garth, Montgomeryshire, and his wife, Honoria, daughter of Sir Stephen Procter. Godfrey was a younger brother of Sir Charles Lloyd (c. 1602–1661), also a military engineer....

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Mackellar, Patrick (c. 1717–1778), military engineer, was born at Maam, Argyll, the child, probably the eldest, of John Mackellar (fl. 1717–1740) of Maam, a minor laird and tacksman to the duke of Argyll, and his wife, Isobell Campbell. Mackellar was appointed clerk-extraordinary under the ...

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Colin Mackenzie (1753–1821) by Thomas Hickey, 1816 The British Library

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Mackenzie, Colin (1753–1821), military engineer and surveyor, was born at Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, one of four children of Murdoch Mackenzie, merchant and postmaster, and his wife, Barbara. Little is known of his early life. His friend Alexander Johnston (1775–1849)...

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Molyneux, Emery (d. 1598), maker of globes and ordnance, came, according to Petruccio Ubaldini, who knew him, 'of obscure and humble family background' (Crinò and Wallis, 14) and was probably the Emery Molynox who was presented as William Cooke's apprentice to the ...

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Montresor [formerly Le Trésor], James Gabriel (1702–1776), military engineer, was, according to a paper in the family archive, born on 19 November 1702, the only son of Major James Gabriel Le Trésor (c.1667–1724) and Anne (d. 1738), daughter of ...