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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: 'The Devil, a General,' said the attendant. 'It's a woman. And a woman that has had a child' (...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

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Dame Sidney Jane Browne (1850–1941) by Langfier © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Browne, Dame Sidney Jane (1850–1941), nurse, was born on 5 January 1850 in Bexley, Kent, one of the four children of Benjamin Stocks Browne and his wife, Jane Sidney, formerly Deane. Sidney grew up in a medical family: her father was a surgeon and her two brothers were doctors. She was educated at home, and when she was twenty-eight started nursing at the ...

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Chavasse, Noel Godfrey (1884–1917), army medical officer and holder of two Victoria crosses, was born on 9 November 1884 at 36 New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, the second (and identical twin) son of Francis James Chavasse (1846–1928), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Noel Godfrey Chavasse (1884–1917) by Medringtons, 1917 private collection

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Horton, (James) Africanus Beale (1835–1883), army medical officer and political economist, was born in Gloucester village, Sierra Leone, on 1 June 1835, the son of James Horton (c.1791–1867), a carpenter, and his wife, Nancy. Both were of Igbo descent, members of the recaptive community, liberated there from slavery. ...

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Hutchinson, Beryl Butterworth (1892–1981), volunteer ambulance driver and member of the FANY, was born on 22 August 1892 at Tenter House, Spotland, near Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Robert Arthur Lord Hutchinson (1860–1925), woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Florence Mark (1866–1945). She grew up in ...

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D'A. Power

revised by Bertrand O. Taithe

Manley, William George Nicholas (1831–1901), military surgeon, was born at Dublin, the second son of the Revd William Nicholas Manley. His mother was a daughter of Dr Brown, a surgeon in the army. He was educated at the Blackheath proprietary school, probably followed an apprenticeship in surgery, and was admitted a member of the ...

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Murray, John (1809–1898), army surgeon and photographer, was born at Blackhouse, Peterhead, Aberdeen, on 3 December 1809, the second son of Alexander Murray, a farmer, and his wife, Catherine Johnston. He studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen, from 1824 until 1828, when he graduated MA. He then studied at ...

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Dame Ellen Mary Musson (1867–1960) by unknown photographer Royal College of Nursing Archives

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Musson, Dame Ellen Mary (1867–1960), nurse, was born on 11 August 1867 at The Castle, Clitheroe, Lancashire, one of the twelve children of William Edward Musson (1831–1917), surgeon, and his wife, Susanna Catherine Robinson (1839–1911). Musson received a good education at home (1870–85), travelled in ...

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Smythe [née Beaufort], Emily Anne, Viscountess Strangford (bap. 1826, d. 1887), military nurse, was baptized on 1 April 1826 at St Marylebone, Middlesex, the youngest daughter of Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857), hydrographer, and his first wife, Alicia Magdalena (1782–1834), daughter of ...

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Spry, Henry Harpur (1804–1842), army surgeon and writer on India, second son of Jeffery Spry (d. 1829) of the excise and his wife, Philadelphia, daughter of Joseph Knight of Bodrean, was born at Truro Vean, Cornwall, on 6 January 1804.

Spry trained in ...

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T'Serclaes, Baroness Elizabeth Blackall de [née Elizabeth Blackall Shapter; other married name Elizabeth Blackall Knocker] (1884–1978), ambulance driver and first aider, one of the two Women of Pervyse, was born on 29 July 1884 at 1 Barnfield Crescent, Exeter, Devon, the fifth child of ...

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Baroness Elizabeth Blackall de T'Serclaes (1884–1978) by S. A. Chandler & Co., pubd 1916 [left, with Mairi Chisholm] © National Portrait Gallery, London