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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barry, Sir David (1780–1835), army surgeon and physiologist, was born on 12 March 1780 in co. Roscommon, Ireland. After showing early talent in classics and mathematics, he eventually decided upon a career in medicine. He was examined for the army in the Royal College of Surgeons...

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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyll, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

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Blair, Dame Emily Mathieson (1890–1963), nurse and nursing administrator, was born on 12 January 1890 at Boghead, Lenzie, Kirkintilloch, daughter of Hugh Blair, muslin manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Croll. Blair trained as a nurse at the Western Infirmary, Glasgow, from 1912 to 1916. In July 1916 she was appointed ward sister at the ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

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Dame Sidney Jane Browne (1850–1941) by Langfier © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Browne, Dame Sidney Jane (1850–1941), nurse, was born on 5 January 1850 in Bexley, Kent, one of the four children of Benjamin Stocks Browne and his wife, Jane Sidney, formerly Deane. Sidney grew up in a medical family: her father was a surgeon and her two brothers were doctors. She was educated at home, and when she was twenty-eight started nursing at the ...

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Noel Godfrey Chavasse (1884–1917) by Medringtons, 1917 private collection

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Chavasse, Noel Godfrey (1884–1917), army medical officer and holder of two Victoria crosses, was born on 9 November 1884 at 36 New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, the second (and identical twin) son of Francis James Chavasse (1846–1928), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Donnet, Sir James John Louis (1816–1905), inspector-general of hospitals and fleets, born at Gibraltar, was the son of Henry Donnet, a Royal Navy surgeon. After studying at the University of Paris, where he graduated B ès L, and at Anderson College, Glasgow, he became LSA of ...

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Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife, Margaret Blair. He studied at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MD, and subsequently gained an appointment as assistant surgeon in the ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Forbes, James (1779–1837), military surgeon and physician, was born at Aberdeen, and received his MA at Marischal College, Aberdeen. He then studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MD in 1803. In the same year he entered the army as assistant surgeon to the ...

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Gerard, James Gilbert (1793–1835), East India Company military surgeon and surveyor, son of Gilbert Gerard, DD (1760–1815) and his wife, Helen, daughter of John Duncan, provost of Aberdeen, and brother of Alexander Gerard and Patrick Gerard, was born in the parish of Old Machar, Aberdeenshire...

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Gibson, Sir James Brown (1805–1868), military physician, studied medicine and graduated MD in 1826 at Edinburgh. He became MRCS, London, in the same year. He entered the military service in 1826 as a hospital assistant, and was promoted assistant surgeon in 1829 and surgeon in 1841. He served for nine years in the ...