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Babtie, Sir William (1859–1920), army medical officer, was born at 75 West Bridgend, Dumbarton, Scotland, on 7 May 1859, the son of John Babtie, a druggist, and later provost of Dumbarton, and his wife, Janet, eldest daughter of William McLeod, a wood merchant. The civil engineer ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by John Sweetman

Borland, James (1774–1863), army physician, was born at Ayr, Scotland, in April 1774. He joined the army medical department as a hospital assistant on 20 December 1790, becoming surgeon's mate in the Royal Highland regiment in 1792, and took part in the duke of York's...

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Dunn, James Churchill (1871–1955), medical doctor and army officer, was born at Churchill, near Auckland, New Zealand, on 24 February 1871, the only known child of Richard Dunn (1839–1871), from a family of coal-masters in Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, and his young Irish wife. Within three or four months of ...

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Forbes, James (1779–1837), military surgeon and physician, was born at Aberdeen, and received his MA at Marischal College, Aberdeen. He then studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MD in 1803. In the same year he entered the army as assistant surgeon to the ...

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Gibson, Sir James Brown (1805–1868), military physician, studied medicine and graduated MD in 1826 at Edinburgh. He became MRCS, London, in the same year. He entered the military service in 1826 as a hospital assistant, and was promoted assistant surgeon in 1829 and surgeon in 1841. He served for nine years in the ...

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by Paul E. Kopperman

Hamilton, Robert (1749–1830), army physician, was born at Coleraine, co. Londonderry. In 1780 he was awarded his MD degree at Edinburgh, his thesis being entitled 'De nicotianae viribus in medicina', and on 27 July the same year he gained a warrant as surgeon's mate of the ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Hayes, Sir John Macnamara, first baronet (1750?–1809), military physician, was born in Limerick, the son of John Hayes and Margaret, daughter and coheir of Sheedy Macnamara of Ballyally, co. Clare. Nothing further is known about his early life. Hayes served as a surgeon during the American War of Independence, between 1775 and 1783. In October 1777 he was in charge of a hospital abandoned to the enemy during the retreat to ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Irvine, William (1776–1811), military physician, was born in Glasgow on 22 August 1776, the son of William Irvine (1743–1787), professor of chemistry and materia medica at Glasgow, and his wife, Grace Hamilton. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MD on 25 June 1798. His thesis, ...

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Lemprière, William (b. before 1789, d. 1834), military physician and writer, was the third son of Thomas Lemprière of Jersey. He entered the Army Medical Service when young and by 1789 was attached to the garrison of Gibraltar. In September 1789 Sidi Mahommed...

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Linton, Sir William (1801–1880), military physician, eldest son of Jabez Linton of Hardrigg Lodge, Dumfriesshire, and Jane, daughter of William Crocket of Grahamshill in the same county, was born at Kirkpatrick Fleming, Dumfriesshire. He was educated at Edinburgh University, and became LCS in 1826. While at university he spent four of his summer vacations working as a surgeon on a whaling ship in the ...

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McCarrison, Sir Robert (1878–1960), army medical officer and nutritional physiologist, was born in Portadown, co. Armagh, on 15 March 1878, the second son of Robert McCarrison, a flax buyer, and his wife, Agnes McCullagh. He received his medical education at Queen's College, Belfast...

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Monro, Donald (1728–1802), military physician, born in Edinburgh on 15 January 1728, was the second surviving son of Alexander Monro primus (1697–1767), and Isabella, second daughter of Sir Donald MacDonald of Sleat. He was the elder brother of Alexander Monro secundus (1733–1817). He was educated at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Neale, Adam (1778?–1832), military physician and author, was born in Scotland and educated in Edinburgh, where he graduated MD on 13 September 1802, his thesis being published as Disputatio de acido nitrico (1802). It is possible that he was the Adam Neall...

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Nooth, John Mervin (1737–1828), physician and army officer, was born on 5 September 1737 at Sturminster Newton, Dorset, the son of Henry Nooth, apothecary, and his wife, Bridget, daughter of John Mervin, apothecary. He studied medicine at Edinburgh, graduating MD in 1766, and subsequently spent some time on the continent. In 1773 he was living in ...

Article

Prescott, Oliver (1731–1804), physician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 April 1731 in Groton, Massachusetts, the son of Benjamin Prescott and his wife, Abigail Oliver. He attended Harvard College, graduated in 1750, and studied medicine for a time with ...

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Pringle, Sir John, first baronet (1707–1782), military physician, was born on 10 April 1707 at Stichill House, in the Scottish border county of Roxburghshire, the youngest son of Sir John Pringle, baronet, and his wife, Magdalen, sister of Sir Gilbert Elliott, baronet, of ...

Image

Sir John Pringle, first baronet (1707–1782) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1774 © Royal Society

Article

Sandwith, Humphry (1822–1881), army physician and author, was born and baptized at Bridlington, Yorkshire, on 12 April 1822, the son of Humphry Sandwith (d. 1867), a physician, and his wife, Jane, the daughter of Isaac Ward, a shipping merchant. His schooling included two years (1832–4) at ...

Image

Humphry Sandwith (1822–1881) by Camille Silvy, 1862 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Wintringham, Sir Clifton, baronet (1710–1794), military physician, was born at York, the son of Clifton Wintringham (bap. 1689, d. 1748) and his first wife, Elizabeth, née Nettleton (d. 1737). He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, being admitted on 17 July 1728, becoming a scholar in 1730, and graduating MB in 1734 and MD in 1749. Soon after graduating MB he entered the Army Medical Service, with which he was to be associated for most of his career. In 1749 he was appointed physician to ...