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Alured, Matthew (bap. 1615, d. 1694), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, on 3 January 1615, the sixth son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628) of the Charterhouse, near Hull, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626), daughter of Francis Vaughan...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Bampfield, Joseph (1622–1685), army officer and spy, was probably born in Devon, one of a family long established in the west country, but his parentage and early life are obscure. There is no validity for the earl of Clarendon's later statement that he was an Irishman, although he may have been educated at ...

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Ronald Bayne

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Barker, Collet (1784–1831), army officer and explorer, was born near Paradise Gardens, Hackney, Middlesex, on 31 December 1784, the son of William Barker (c.1748–1832), skinner and mercer of Newbury, Berkshire, and Sarah Collet (1755–1808), elder daughter of Samuel Collet, of an established family of ...

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Birch, Thomas (bap. 1608, d. 1678), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized on 5 June 1608 at Eccles, Lancashire, the only son of George Birch (d. 1611) of Birch, near Manchester, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Ellis Hey of Monkshall in the parish of ...

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Duckenfield [Duckenfeild], Robert (1619–1689), parliamentarian army officer, was possibly born at Portwood Hall, Stockport, Cheshire, the eldest of the seven children of Robert Duckenfield, esquire (bap. 1597, d. 1630), and his wife, Frances (d. 1663), daughter of George Preston of Holker, Lancashire...

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Thomas Fairfax, third Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612–1671) by William Marshall, pubd 1647 (after Edward Bower) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Fairfax, Thomas, third Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612–1671), parliamentarian army officer, was born at Denton, Yorkshire, on 17 January 1612, the first son of Ferdinando Fairfax, second Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1584–1648), and his first wife, Mary Sheffield (d. 1619), the daughter of ...

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Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Fiennes, John, appointed Lord Fiennes under the protectorate (d. in or before 1710), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was the third son of William Fiennes, eighth baron and first Viscount Saye and Sele (1582–1662), and Elizabeth (d. 1648), daughter of John Temple...

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Gell, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1593, d. 1671), parliamentarian army officer, was born at Hopton Hall, Derbyshire, and baptized at nearby Carsington church on 2 July 1593. He was the eldest son of Thomas Gell (1532–1594) of Hopton, and Millicent, daughter of ...

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Sir John Gell, first baronet (bap. 1593, d. 1671) by unknown artist unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Holmes, Abraham (d. 1685), army officer and conspirator, was perhaps from co. Durham, though it has been suggested that he was related to a Holmes family of Sussex. Nothing definite is known of his background. He first appears during the early years of the civil war as a lieutenant in ...

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Howard, Charles, first earl of Carlisle (1628–1685), army officer and politician, was born on 4 February 1628, the second son and eventual heir of Sir William Howard (c.1602–1643), of Naworth, Cumberland, and Mary (bap. 1602, d. 1638), eldest daughter of ...

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Llwyd, Huw [Hugh] (c. 1568–c. 1630), Welsh-language poet and soldier, was the third son of eight children born to Dafydd Llwyd ap Howel and his wife, Catrin. According to an elegy by Huw Machno the father died in 1623, and by then ...

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Edmund Ludlow (1616/1717–1692) by Robert White, 1689 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

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Ludlow [Ludlowe], Edmund (1616/17–1692), army officer and regicide, was born in Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, the son of Sir Henry Ludlow (1592?–1643) of Maiden Bradley and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1660), daughter of Richard Phelips of Montacute, Somerset.

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Massey, Sir Edward (1604x9–1674), parliamentarian and royalist army officer, was the fourth of eleven sons of John Massey of Coddington, Cheshire, and Anne (b. 1582), daughter of Richard Grosvenor of Eaton, Cheshire. The family were long-established minor gentry with various estates in ...

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Mosley, Samuel (b. 1641, d. in or before 1680), soldier in America, was born on 14 June 1641 at Mount Wollaston, Braintree, near Quincy, Massachusetts, the son of Henry Mosley (b. 1610/11), who had embarked from England on the Hopewell in August 1635. ...

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Phips [Phipps], Sir William (1651–1695), adventurer, army officer, and colonial governor, was born on 2 February 1651 at Phips plantation, Jeremisquam Neck, Nequasett, Maine. He was the son of James Phips (c.1609–1651×5) of Mangotsfield, Gloucestershire, and Mary, whose origins are unknown. ...