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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

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Barnwell, John (c. 1671–1724), colonial official and army officer in America, was born probably in Dublin, the son of Matthew Barnwell, alderman, and Margaret Carberry. Having lost his father, a captain in James II's Irish army, in the siege of Londonderry in 1690, ...

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Beatson, Alexander (1759–1830), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was born on 24 October 1759 at Dundee. He was the second son of the three sons and one daughter of Robert Beatson (b. 1730), of Kilrie, Fife, and his wife, ...

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Beckwith, Sir George (1752/3–1823), army officer and colonial governor, was the second son of John Beckwith (fl. 1733–1772) and his wife, probably the Janet Wishart who married Captain John Beckwith in Edinburgh on 10 June 1750. The elder Beckwith was an officer in the ...

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Bentinck, Lord William Henry Cavendish- [known as Lord William Bentinck] (1774–1839), army officer, diplomatist, and governor-general of India, was born on 14 September 1774 at Burlington House in London, the second son of William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809)...

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Lord William Henry Cavendish- Bentinck (1774–1839) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1804 private collection

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Blackburne, Sir William (1764–1839), army and political officer in India, was appointed to the Madras army as a cadet of native infantry in 1782, arrived at Madras in June 1783, and in 1784 served with the force employed under Colonel Fullarton in the campaign against the ...

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Bourke, Sir Richard (1777–1855), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 4 May 1777 in Britain Street, Dublin, the only son of John Bourke of Dromsally, co. Limerick, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Edmund Ryan of Boscable, co. Tipperary. He was educated at ...

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Boustead, Sir (John Edmund) Hugh (1895–1980), army officer and colonial official, was born on 14 April 1895 on a tea estate above Nawara Eliya, Ceylon, one of the two sons of Lawrence Twentyman Boustead, whose family had a hundred-year connection with Ceylon, and his wife, ...

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Brooke, Robert (1744–1811), army officer in the East India Company and colonial governor, was the second son of Robert Brooke (1710–1784), an artist, of Rantavan, co. Cavan, and his wife and cousin, Honor (d. 1800), daughter of Henry Brooke, rector of Kinawley, co. Fermanagh...

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Browne, Sir Granville St John Orde (1883–1947), army officer and colonial official, was born at Woolwich on 26 October 1883, the son of Captain Charles Orde Browne, soldier, and his wife, Annie Maria Michell. He was educated at Wellington College and at the ...

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Browne, Sir Thomas Gore (1807–1887), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 3 July 1807 at Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, the son of Robert Browne of Morton House, near Buckingham, a colonel of the Buckinghamshire militia, and his wife, Sarah Dorothea, the second daughter of ...

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Sir Robert Brownrigg, first baronet (1759–1833) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1809 courtesy of the Director, National Army Museum, London

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Brownrigg, Sir Robert, first baronet (1759–1833), army officer and colonial governor, was born at Rockingham, co. Wicklow, Ireland, the second of the four sons of Henry Brownrigg (d. 1793) and his wife, Mary Alcock (d. 1819). Gazetted as ensign in 1775, his progress in the army was at first slow, his family lacking both wealth and influence. However, on 8 April 1789 ...

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Burne, Sir Owen Tudor (1837–1909), army officer and administrator in India, was born at Plymouth on 12 April 1837, the eleventh of the nineteen children of the Revd Henry Thomas Burne (1799–1865), and his wife, Knightley Goodman (1805–1878), daughter of Captain Marriott, Royal Horse Guards...

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Calvert [formerly Lazenby Calvert], Charles (c. 1688–1734), army officer and colonial governor, may have been the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), proprietor of Maryland. The reasons for his former name Lazenby are uncertain, but most likely it indicates a connection with the ...

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Cambridge, Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George, earl of Athlone [formerly Prince Alexander of Teck] (1874–1957), army officer and governor-general of South Africa, was born at Kensington Palace on 14 April 1874, the third son of Princess Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth (1833–1897)...

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Campbell, Sir Archibald (1739–1791), army officer and colonial governor, was born on 21 August 1739 and baptized on 25 August at Inveraray, Argyll, the second son of James Campbell (1706–1760), commissary of the western isles of Scotland and chamberlain to the duke of Argyll...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Campbell, Sir Colin (1776–1847), army officer and colonial governor, was the fifth son of John Campbell of Melfort, and his wife, Colina, daughter of John Campbell of Auchalader, Perthshire. From boyhood he showed a daring disposition, and in 1792, at the age of sixteen, ran away from ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Stewart M. Fraser

Campbell, Sir James (1773?–1835), army officer and colonial governor, entered the army as an ensign in the 1st Royal regiment of foot, and was promoted lieutenant on 20 March 1794 in the same regiment, and captain in the 42nd highlanders or Black Watch...