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H. M. Chichester

revised by A. G. L. Shaw

Anderson, Joseph (1790–1877), army officer and colonist, was born on 1 July 1790 at Keoldale, Sutherland, Scotland, the son of James Anderson of Rispond and his wife, Fairly Gordon. In 1805 he was appointed an ensign in the 78th highlanders, with which he served in ...

Article

Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Gorges, Sir Ferdinando (1568–1647), army officer and promoter of colonization in America, was the second son of Edward Gorges (d. 1568) and Cicely Lygon of Wraxall, Somerset. The year of his birth was estimated for some time at 1566, but it appears to be reasonably certain that he was born between 31 May and 23 July 1568 at the family's suburban ...

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Lane, Sir Ralph (d. 1603), soldier and colonist, was of unknown parentage and education. He ranked in that restless corps of Tudor wanderers who schemed the advance of English interests in Ireland and America even as they chased fortunes for themselves. Nineteenth-century scholars presumed that he came from ...

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Oglethorpe, James Edward (1696–1785), army officer and founder of the colony of Georgia, was born in London on 22 December 1696, the third and youngest surviving son of Sir Theophilus Oglethorpe (1650–1702), politician and army officer, and his wife, Eleanor, née Wall (1662–1732)...

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James Edward Oglethorpe (1696–1785) by Thomas Burford, pubd c. 1743–5 © Copyright The British Museum

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Standish, Myles (c. 1584–1656), soldier and colonist, was born at Ellanbane, Lezayre parish, on the Isle of Man, the second of three sons born to John Standish and Christian Lace. The strongest clues to his parentage come from his will, in which he refers to certain lands in ...

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Underhill, John (c. 1608–1672), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands to John Underhill of Warwickshire, a soldier who died in October 1608, and Honor Pauley of St Ives parish, Cornwall. He married Helena de Hooch (...

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Wingfield, Edward Maria (b. 1550, d. in or after 1619), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Stoneley, Huntingdonshire, the son of Thomas Maria Wingfield (d. 1557) and of Margaret Kay from Yorkshire, and the grandson of Sir Richard Wingfield (b. in or before 1469, d. 1525)...

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Wynne, Peter (d. 1609), soldier and colonist in Virginia, very probably came of a Welsh family that lived near the town of Mold in Flintshire. The first evidence of his existence dates from 1586, when Sir William Stanley commissioned him to captain a company of troops that belonged to the army of ...