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Louis Botha (1862–1919) by Sir James Guthrie, c. 1919–21 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer, was born on 27 September 1862 at Honigfontein, near Greytown, Natal, the ninth child of Louis Botha (1827–1883), farmer, and his wife, Salomina Adriana Van Rooyen, both of whom had gone on the great trek as children. Until ...

Article

Reitz, Deneys (1882–1944), soldier and politician in South Africa, was born at Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, on 2 April 1882, the third of the five sons of Francis William Reitz (1844–1934), and his first wife, Blanca Thesen (1854–1887), a member of a Norwegian family that had settled in ...

Article

Smuts, Jan Christiaan (1870–1950), prime minister of South Africa, army officer, and writer on evolution, was born on 24 May 1870 at Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West in the Malmesbury district of Cape Colony, the second child of Jacobus Abraham (Kosie) Smuts (1845–1914) and ...

Article

Wet, Christiaan Rudolph de (1854–1922), army officer and politician in the Orange Free State, born at Leeuwkop, Smithfield district, in the Orange Free State, on 7 October 1854, was the sixth son of Jacobus Ignatius de Wet, of Dewetsdorp, and Aletta Susanna Margaretha Strijdom...