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Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

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John André (1750–1780) by John Keyse Sherwin, 1781 (after self-portrait, 1780) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Bampfield, Joseph (1622–1685), army officer and spy, was probably born in Devon, one of a family long established in the west country, but his parentage and early life are obscure. There is no validity for the earl of Clarendon's later statement that he was an Irishman, although he may have been educated at ...

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Richard Lewis Clutterbuck (1917–1998) by Frank Herrmann, 1981 © News International Newspapers Ltd

Article

Clutterbuck, Richard Lewis (1917–1998), army officer and counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism expert, was born on 22 November 1917, 'fourteen days after the Communist Revolution in Russia' (Clutterbuck, 3), at 30 West Park, Eltham, London, the son of Major Lewis St John Rawlinson Clutterbuck...

Article

Cox, Edgar William (1882–1918), army and intelligence officer, was born at 191 Tufnell Park Road, Islington, London, on 9 May 1882, the son of George William Cox, banker's clerk, and his wife, Louisa Hannah, née Bull. Educated at Christ's Hospital, where he was captain of the school, and the ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by D. G. Halliday

Grant, John (1782?–1842), army officer and spy, was born at Elgin, Moray. He began his military career as an ensign on 2 November 1797 (lieutenant, 31 May 1798) in the Royal Glamorgan militia, with which he served in Ireland in 1799. In the same year he volunteered to the line from the ...

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Sir Colin McVean Gubbins (1896–1976) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gubbins, Sir Colin McVean (1896–1976), army officer and intelligence officer, was born in Tokyo on 2 July 1896, the younger son and third child in the family of two sons and three daughters of John Harington Gubbins (1852–1929), who was oriental secretary at the British legation, and his wife, ...

Article

Holland, John Charles Francis (1897–1956), army and intelligence officer, was born in India (probably in Calcutta) on 21 November 1897, the only son and elder child of Sir Thomas Henry Holland (1868–1947), geologist, and his first wife, Frances Maud (d. 1942)...

Article

Morton, Sir Desmond John Falkiner (1891–1971), army officer and intelligence officer, was born on 13 November 1891 at 9 Hyde Park Gate, London, the only son of Colonel Charles Falkiner Morton (d. 1929), Royal Dragoons, and his wife, Edith Harriet, daughter of ...

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Sir Desmond John Falkiner Morton (1891–1971) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Parker, Sir (Arthur) Douglas Dodds- (1909–2006), colonial administrator, special operations officer, and politician, was born on 5 July 1909 at 2 Holywell Street, Oxford, the younger child and only son of Arthur Percy Dodds-Parker, formerly Parker (1867–1940), surgeon, and lecturer (later reader) in applied anatomy at the ...

Article

Parry, Sir Richard Gambier- (1894–1965), army officer and intelligence signals officer, was born on 20 January 1894 at Highnam Court, Highnam, Gloucestershire, the son of Sidney Gambier-Parry, architect, and his wife, Grace Denman, of Duntisbourne Rous, near Cirencester. He was a descendant of ...

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Sir John Alexander Sinclair (1897–1977) by Walter Stoneman, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Sinclair, Sir John Alexander (1897–1977), army and intelligence officer, was born on 29 May 1897 in Fulham, the younger son and second of the four children of John Stewart Sinclair, later archdeacon of Cirencester (who was the grandson of Sir John Sinclair, first baronet...

Article

Stawell, William Arthur Macdonald (1895–1987), army officer and intelligence officer, was born on 22 January 1895 in India, the son of G. C. Stawell, an official in the Indian Civil Service. After being educated at Clifton College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich...

Article

Strong, Sir Kenneth William Dobson (1900–1982), army and intelligence officer, was born in Montrose, Scotland, on 9 September 1900, the only son among the four children of John Strong, rector of Montrose Academy and subsequently professor of education at Leeds University, and his wife, ...