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Article

Richard Garnett

revised by Troy O. Bickham

André, John (1750–1780), army officer and spy, was born in London on 2 May 1750, the eldest son of Anthony André (1717–1769), a Genevese merchant settled in the city, and Marie Louise Girardot (1721?–1813). He had at least one brother and sister. He was educated at home and possibly at ...

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John André (1750–1780) by John Keyse Sherwin, 1781 (after self-portrait, 1780) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Armorer, Sir Nicholas (c. 1620–1686), royalist army officer, conspirator, and courtier, was born at Belford, Northumberland, a younger son of Thomas Armorer (d. 1642), of Belford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Clavering of Callaly in the same county. Like his brother ...

Article

Bampfield, Joseph (1622–1685), army officer and spy, was probably born in Devon, one of a family long established in the west country, but his parentage and early life are obscure. There is no validity for the earl of Clarendon's later statement that he was an Irishman, although he may have been educated at ...

Article

Blood, Thomas (1617/18–1680), adventurer and spy, was born at Sarney, co. Meath. His early life is obscure, but it was later claimed that his father (who was possibly Neptune Blood) was a blacksmith and ironworker, 'serious, honest and of no inferior credit' (...

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Thomas Blood (1617/1818–1680) by unknown artist The Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge

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Brooks, Anthony Morris [Tony] (1922–2007), special operations and intelligence officer, was born on 4 April 1922 at The Cottage, Orsett, Essex, the son of Douglas Charles Morris Brooks, construction engineer and businessman, and his wife, Beryl, née Anderson. His father had undertaken secret missions during the First World War, though ...

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Anthony Morris Brooks (1922–2007) by unknown photographer © reserved

Article

Chandler, Sir Geoffrey (1922–2011), special operations officer, businessman, and human rights campaigner, was born on 15 November 1922 at 4 Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London, the son of Frederick George Chandler (1886–1942), senior physician to the London Chest Hospital and one of the leading chest physicians of his day, and his wife, ...

Article

Clark, Sir Robert Anthony [Bob] (1924–2013), special operations officer, solicitor, and businessman, was born at 29 Chandos Road, East Finchley, London, on 6 January 1924, the younger son of John Anthony (Jack) Clark, mechanical engineer, and his wife, Gladys Evelyn Mary, née Dyer (1891–1970)...

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Richard Lewis Clutterbuck (1917–1998) by Frank Herrmann, 1981 © News International Newspapers Ltd

Article

Clutterbuck, Richard Lewis (1917–1998), army officer and counter-insurgency and anti-terrorism expert, was born on 22 November 1917, 'fourteen days after the Communist Revolution in Russia' (Clutterbuck, 3), at 30 West Park, Eltham, London, the son of Major Lewis St John Rawlinson Clutterbuck...

Article

Cox, Edgar William (1882–1918), army and intelligence officer, was born at 191 Tufnell Park Road, Islington, London, on 9 May 1882, the son of George William Cox, banker's clerk, and his wife, Louisa Hannah, née Bull. Educated at Christ's Hospital, where he was captain of the school, and the ...

Article

Grand, Lawrence Douglas (1898–1975), soldier and intelligence officer, was born on 10 August 1898 at 7 Rose Lane, Wavertree, Liverpool, the elder son of Douglas Henry Grand of Beckenham, a commission merchant, and his wife, Emma Gertrude Chamberlain. He left the sixth form at ...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by D. G. Halliday

Grant, John (1782?–1842), army officer and spy, was born at Elgin, Moray. He began his military career as an ensign on 2 November 1797 (lieutenant, 31 May 1798) in the Royal Glamorgan militia, with which he served in Ireland in 1799. In the same year he volunteered to the line from the ...

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Sir Colin McVean Gubbins (1896–1976) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gubbins, Sir Colin McVean (1896–1976), army officer and intelligence officer, was born in Tokyo on 2 July 1896, the younger son and third child in the family of two sons and three daughters of John Harington Gubbins (1852–1929), who was oriental secretary at the British legation, and his wife, ...

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Sir Stephen Lewis Edmonstone Hastings (1921–2005) by Bassano, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hastings, Sir Stephen Lewis Edmonstone (1921–2005), politician, was born on 4 May 1921, at 13 Washington House, Basil Street, Knightsbridge, London, the only son of Major Lewis Aloysius Macdonald Hastings (1880–1966) and his wife, Meriel Eda St John (1888–1971), daughter of Neil Edmonstone...

Article

Holland, John Charles Francis (1897–1956), army and intelligence officer, was born in India (probably in Calcutta) on 21 November 1897, the only son and elder child of Sir Thomas Henry Holland (1868–1947), geologist, and his first wife, Frances Maud (d. 1942)...