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Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

Article

Cockburn, John, of Ormiston (1679–1758), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland, the second son of Adam Cockburn (c. 1656–1735) of Ormiston, lord justice clerk and lord of session with the judicial title Lord Ormiston, and his first wife, Lady Susanna Hamilton...

Article

Grant, Sir Archibald, of Monymusk, second baronet (1696–1778), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland on 25 September 1696. He was the elder son of Sir Francis Grant (1658x63–1726), lord of session with the judicial title Lord Cullen and, from 1705, first baronet...

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Sir James Grant of Grant, eighth baronet (1738–1811) by Nathaniel Dance, c. 1760 [[Left to right] , John Mytton, the Hon. Thomas Robinson, later second Baron Grantham, (1738-1786), and Thomas Wynne (later Baron Newborough)] Yale Centre for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection / Bridgeman Art Library

Article

Grant, Sir James, of Grant, eighth baronet (1738–1811), agricultural improver and politician, was born on 19 May 1738, the only son of Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, seventh baronet (1707–1773), landowner, and his second wife, Lady Margaret Ogilvie, eldest daughter of James, fifth earl of Findlater and second earl of Seafield...

Article

Hope, Sir Thomas, eighth baronet (c. 1681–1771), agricultural improver and politician, was born at the family home of Rankeillor in Fife, the second son of a distinguished lawyer, Archibald Hope of Rankeillor, Lord Rankeillor (1639–1706) [see under Hope, Sir John, Lord Craighall...

Article

W. A. S. Hewins

revised by Rosalind Mitchison

Maxwell, Robert (1695–1765), agricultural improver and writer, was born at Arkland, Kirkpatrick-Durham, Kirkcudbrightshire, the eldest child of James Maxwell and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Neilson of Barncaillie. The Maxwells had been landowners at Arkland since the beginning of the seventeenth century, and the ...

Article

Sinclair, Sir John, first baronet (1754–1835), agricultural improver, politician, and codifier of ‘useful knowledge’, was born at Thurso Castle, Caithness, on 10 May 1754, the third but only surviving son of George Sinclair (d. 1770) of Ulbster and his wife, Lady Janet Sutherland (1720–1795)...

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Sir John Sinclair, first baronet (1754–1835) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1794–9 National Gallery of Scotland