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Abudacnus, Josephus (fl. 1595–1643), scholar of oriental languages, was born in Cairo. His parents were Copts, his father probably connected with the Ottoman administration. His Arabic name, Yusuf ibn Abu Dhaqn, was Latinized as Josephus Abudacnus (or Barbatus). In 1595, after a rudimentary education in ...

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Gagnier, John (c. 1670–1740), orientalist, was born in Paris. His father was attaché to the French ambassador to Denmark, and his sudden death about 1680 led to his widow's decision to enter the nunnery of St Élisabeth. Her three sons were farmed out to Génovefains, and subsequently ...

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Hepburn, James [name in religion Bonaventure] (b. 1573, d. in or after 1623), orientalist, is identified with the fourth son of Thomas Hepburn (d. 1585), the well-connected parish minister of Oldhamstocks in Haddingtonshire, born on 14 July 1573 (Mackenzie, 3.513...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Seager, Charles (1808–1878), orientalist, was the son of John Seager (1776–1849), of Evesbatch, Worcestershire, rector of Welsh Bicknor, Monmouthshire, from 1808 until his death on 27 May 1849. John Seager was the translator of several works on Greek grammar and prosody, and published a supplement to ...

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Parvin Loloi

Shea, David [Daniel] (1777–1836), orientalist, son of Daniel Shea, a farmer, was born in co. Limerick. Shea, whose forename is given in some sources as Daniel, entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 3 June 1793, and in 1797 obtained a scholarship in classics. While at university he joined the ...

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Sprenger, Aloys Ignatz Christoph (1813–1893), orientalist, was born on 3 September 1813 at 3/4 Nassereith, Tyrol, Austria, the ninth of ten children of Christoph Sprenger (1760–1835), collector of customs and storekeeper, and his wife, Theresia (1772–1850), daughter of Johann Dietrich, butcher, and his wife, ...

Article

Strachan, George (fl. 1592–1634), traveller and orientalist, was born the younger son of a noble family in the Mearns (he later used the toponymic Merniensis), perhaps of Thornton, Kincardineshire; nothing else is known of his early life. He was a student in ...

Article

Zaehner, Robert Charles (1913–1974), orientalist and intelligence officer, was born on 8 April 1913 at Oak Hill Lodge, Sevenoaks, Kent, the son of Edward Zaehner, lace merchant, and his wife, Maria Louisa (née Zaehner). His parents were both Swiss. He was educated at ...