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Beeston, Alfred Felix Landon (1911–1995), orientalist, was born at 12 Glebe Road, Barnes, south London, on 23 February 1911, the second child and only son of Herbert Arthur Beeston (1872–1941), an engineer and draughtsman, and Edith Mary Landon (1873–1965). In his undergraduate days he came to be called ...

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Cadell [née Nash], Jessie Ellen (1844–1884), novelist and orientalist, was born at Devonshire Lodge, Pancras Vale, Hampstead Road, London, on 23 August 1844, the daughter of William Nash, a City merchant, and his wife, Emma, née Jell. Her father died while she was young, and her mother married ...

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Caldwell, Robert (1814–1891), missionary and orientalist, was born near Belfast, Ulster, on 7 May 1814, into an impoverished family. He began working at the age of nine, after his family moved to Glasgow. Largely self-educated, at fifteen he went to live with his elder brother in ...

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William Carey (1761–1834) by Robert Home, 1811 [with his chief pandit, Mritunjaya] original owned by BMS World Mission, PO Box 49, Didcot, OX11 8XA, England

Article

Carey, William (1761–1834), orientalist and missionary, was born on 17 August 1761 at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the five children of Edmund Carey and Elizabeth Wells. His father, originally a weaver, became in 1767 parish clerk and schoolmaster, which gave Carey access to a wide range of books. At the age of about fourteen he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in the hamlet of nearby ...

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Edmund Castell (bap. 1606, d. 1686) by William Faithorne the elder, pubd 1669 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Castell, Edmund (bap. 1606, d. 1686), orientalist and lexicographer, was baptized on 4 January 1606 at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the second son of Robert Castell, a man of property and education, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverel, Essex...

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Cawton, Thomas (bap. 1642, d. 1677), orientalist and nonconformist minister, was baptized at Wivenhoe, Essex, on 23 September 1642, the eldest son of Thomas Cawton (1605–1659), a distinguished divine and vicar of the parish, and Elizabeth, daughter of the preacher William Jenkyn. In 1644 the family moved to ...

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Chappelow, Leonard (1692–1768), orientalist, was born in late 1692, and baptized at St Mary's, Beverley, on 1 January 1693, the son of Edward Chappelow, grocer. He had at least one sister, Ann, and a younger brother, Edward (d. 1777), who subsequently became vicar of ...

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Clarke, Samuel (bap. 1624, d. 1669), orientalist, was born at Brackley in Northamptonshire, where he was baptized at the church of St Peter on 30 July 1624, the son of Thomas Clarke, a glover, and his wife, Alice. He had at least one brother, ...

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Samuel Clarke (bap. 1624, d. 1669) by unknown artist © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Clavering, Robert (1675/6–1747), orientalist and bishop of Peterborough, was the son of Robert Clavering of Bowsden, Northumberland. In 1684–5 Thomas Burrell, the second husband of his great-uncle's widow, left £50 to bind him to a trade. On 18 July 1693 he entered Lincoln College, Oxford...

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Robert Clavering (1675/66–1747) by John Simon (after Thomas Gibson, c. 1730) © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by M. L. Bierbrier

Cooper, William Ricketts (1843–1878), orientalist, was born at 7 Devonshire Buildings, Great Dover Road, Newington, in south London, on 12 March 1843, the son of Daniel Cooper, farmer, and his wife, Anne Pernell Brooks. He began life as a designer of carpet patterns and became a missionary in ...

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Cust, Robert Needham (1821–1909), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born at Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire, on 24 February 1821, the second son of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780–1861), canon of Windsor, and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Elizabeth (d. 1866), eldest daughter of ...

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Davis, Samuel (1760–1819), East India Company servant and orientalist, was born in the West Indies, the younger son of John Davis, who held the post there of commissary-general, and his Welsh wife (née Phillips). He went to England with his mother and two sisters after the death of his father. Despite the evident poverty of the family, ...

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Edwards, Thomas (1651/2–1721), Church of England clergyman and orientalist, was born at Llanllechid, near Bangor in Caernarvonshire, the son of Edward Edwards. He attended school in Bangor and matriculated as a sizar at St John's College, Cambridge, on 16 March 1670 aged eighteen, graduating BA in 1674 and proceeding MA in 1677. With the support of ...

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Gagnier, John (c. 1670–1740), orientalist, was born in Paris. His father was attaché to the French ambassador to Denmark, and his sudden death about 1680 led to his widow's decision to enter the nunnery of St Élisabeth. Her three sons were farmed out to Génovefains, and subsequently ...

Article

D. S. Margoliouth

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Gandell, Robert (1818–1887), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born in the parish of St Michael, Crooked Lane, London, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Gandell. He was educated at Mill Hill School and at King's College, London, before going to Oxford where he matriculated in 1839 at ...

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John Greaves (1602–1652) by Edward Mascall, 1650 © National Portrait Gallery, London