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Baillie, John (1772–1833), army officer in the East India Company and orientalist, younger son of George Baillie of Leys Castle, Inverness, and his wife, Anne (née Baillie), was born at Inverness on 10 May 1772, and entered the East India Company's service in 1790, arriving in ...

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T. W. Bayne

revised by R. S. Simpson

Birrell, John (1836–1901), orientalist, was born at Drumeldrie, Newburn parish, near St Andrews, on 21 October 1836, the elder of two sons of Hugh Birrell, architect, and his wife, Margaret Smith. His brother, George, an architect, died in 1876. After attending the parish school and ...

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See Brunton [née Balfour], Mary

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Hamilton, Alexander (1762–1824), orientalist, was born on 3 October 1762 in New (or Middle) Greenock, Renfrewshire, the first of many children, six of whom reached adult age, of William Hamilton (bap. 1722), merchant, and Jean Donald (b. 1740). His father, a cadet son of the laird of ...

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Hepburn, James [name in religion Bonaventure] (b. 1573, d. in or after 1623), orientalist, is identified with the fourth son of Thomas Hepburn (d. 1585), the well-connected parish minister of Oldhamstocks in Haddingtonshire, born on 14 July 1573 (Mackenzie, 3.513...

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Mitchell, John Murray (1815–1904), missionary and orientalist, was born in Aberdeen on 19 August 1815, the fourth of five sons and three daughters of James Mitchell, burgess of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret, née Gordon. His brothers James (1808–1884), Gordon (1809–1893), and Alexander (1822–1901)...

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Moodie, William [pseud. Adam Whyte] (1759–1812), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 2 July 1759 in Gartly, Aberdeenshire, the eldest of the seven children of Roger Moodie (d. 1775), parish minister of Gartly and later of Monimail...

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Neil, Robert Alexander (1852–1901), classical scholar and orientalist, was born on 26 December 1852 at Glengairn manse, Glengairn, near Ballater, Aberdeenshire, the second son of Robert Neil, minister of the quoad sacra parish of Glengairn, and his wife, Mary, née Reid. Both parents were from ...

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Richardson, John [styled Sir John Richardson, ninth baronet] (1740/41–1795), orientalist, was the third son of George Richardson, writer to the signet, of Edinburgh, and of his wife, Jean, daughter of James Watson of Cornton, Stirling. He was apprenticed in 1753 at the age of twelve to the notable ...

Article

Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Philip Carter

Robertson, James (1714–1795), orientalist and Hebraist, was born in the parish of Cromarty, Scotland. He studied for many years at Leiden University under Jan Jacob Schultens, the celebrated Dutch orientalist, and later became the minister at Cromarty, having been licensed by the presbytery of Edinburgh...

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George Stronach

revised by C. A. Creffield

Scot, David (c. 1770–1834), orientalist and writer, was born in Penicuik, near Edinburgh. He was the son of William Scot, a small farmer, who is said to have sold his cow to pay the expense of printing a theological pamphlet. Scot was educated at the parish school and ...

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Tennant, William (1784–1848), scholar of oriental languages and poet, son of Alexander Tennant, merchant and farmer, and Anna Watson, was born in Anstruther, Fife, on 16 May 1784. He lost the use of both feet in childhood, and used crutches throughout his life. After receiving his elementary education at the burgh school in ...

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William Tennant (1784–1848) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by David W. Savage

Wilson, John (1804–1875), missionary and orientalist, born at Lauder in Berwickshire on 11 December 1804, was the eldest son of Andrew Wilson, for more than forty years a councillor of the burgh of Lauder, and his wife, Janet, eldest daughter of James Hunter...

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

In 

John Wilson (1804–1875) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, after 1842 Scottish National Portrait Gallery