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Allchin, (Frank) Raymond (1923–2010), archaeologist and scholar of early Indian culture, was born on 9 July 1923 at The Briars, Northwick Park Road, Harrow, Middlesex, the second son and third of four surviving children of Frank MacDonald Allchin (1891–1977), physician, and his wife, ...

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Bailey, Sir Harold Walter (1899–1996), Indo-Iranian scholar and philologist, was born on 16 December 1899 at 54 Northgate Street, Devizes, Wiltshire, one of three sons of Frederick Charles Bailey, labourer, and his wife, Emma Jane, née Richardt. When he was ten his parents moved to ...

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Sir Harold Walter Bailey (1899–1996) by Ronald Way, 1972 © reserved / The President and Fellows of Queens' College, Cambridge

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Brown, Charles Philip (1798–1884), Telugu scholar and Indologist, was born on 10 November 1798 in Calcutta. He was the son of David Brown (1762–1812), East India Company chaplain and provost of the College of Fort William, Calcutta, and his second wife, Frances, daughter of ...

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Burnell, Arthur Coke (1840–1882), Sanskritist and expert on southern Indian language and literature, was born at St Briavels, Gloucestershire, on 11 July 1840, the eldest son of Arthur Burnell, of the East India Company's marine service and great-nephew of Sir W. Coke, chief justice of ...

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Farquhar, John Nicol (1861–1929), missionary and Indologist, was born on 6 April 1861 in Constitution Street, Aberdeen, the eldest of three children and only son of a local businessman, George Farquhar, and his wife, Christian Alexander. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to an ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Rosemary Cargill Raza

Gover, Charles Edward (1835/6–1872), writer on Indian folklore, was the son of Thomas Gover of Poplar, Middlesex. He became a schoolmaster in Madras in 1863 and was appointed principal of the Madras Military Male Orphan Asylum in 1864. He remained there until its amalgamation with the ...

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See Hamilton, Alexander

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Hodgson, Brian Houghton (1801?–1894), diplomatist and Nepalese scholar, was born on 1 February 1801, or (less probably) 1800, at Lower Beech, Prestbury, Cheshire, the second of the seven children of Brian Hodgson (1766–1858), country gentleman, and his wife, Catherine (1775/6–1851), daughter of ...

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See Hoernlé, (Reinhold Friedrich) Alfred

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Latter, Thomas (1816–1853), army officer in the East India Company and Burmese scholar, son of Major Barré Latter, an officer who distinguished himself in the Anglo-Nepal War of 1814–16, was born in India. He obtained a commission as ensign in 1836 from the ...

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Long, James (1814–1887), missionary and Indian scholar, was born in Bandon, co. Cork, the eldest son of John Long, clerk and Methodist local preacher. While a pupil at Bandon grammar school he excelled in classics and developed an interest in languages. He also came under the influence of the evangelical revival of the time, and was converted at a Wesleyan Methodist meeting at the age of fourteen—an experience which determined the direction of his future career. After volunteering for service with the ...

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See Manning, (Elizabeth) Adelaide

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Marshall, John (1642–1677), Indian scholar, was the third son of Ralph Marshall and of his wife, Abigail, daughter of Robert Rogers of Netherthorpe, Yorkshire. He was baptized at East Theddlethorpe, Lincolnshire, on 1 March 1642, and was educated at Louth, also in Lincolnshire...

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[Anon.]

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Morris, John Carnac (1798–1858), Indologist, was born on 16 October 1798, the second son of John Morris of the Bombay civil service, who was subsequently a director of the East India Company. Morris entered the Royal Navy as a midshipman in 1813 and saw active service during the last two years of the French war. On the conclusion of the war in 1814 his father sent the following laconic note to his captain, ...

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Muir, Sir William (1819–1905), administrator in India and Islamicist, born on 27 April 1819 in Glasgow, was the youngest child of William Muir (1783–1820), a Glasgow merchant, and his wife, Helen Macfie (1784–1866), of Ayrshire. The Sanskrit scholar John Muir (1810–1882) was his eldest brother. Widowed in 1820, his mother took her four surviving sons and four daughters to ...

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Pope, George Uglow (1820–1908), missionary and Tamil scholar, was born on 24 April 1820 in Prince Edward Island, of devout Methodist parents: his father, John Pope (1791–1863), of Padstow, Cornwall, emigrated to Prince Edward Island in 1818 and then moved to Nova Scotia...

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Prinsep, James (1799–1840), Indologist and scientist, was born on 20 August 1799 at 147 Leadenhall Street, London, the seventh son and tenth child of John Prinsep (1746–1830) [see under Prinsep, Henry Thoby (1792-1878)], merchant and MP, and his wife, Sophia Elizabeth Auriol (1760–1850)...

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Radhakanta Sarman (d. 1803), pandit, was born in the early eighteenth century in a Bengali Brahman family of modest means. His father died at the age of 100, his mother at eighty on the funeral pyre of her husband. Radhakanta received a traditional Sanskrit education as a student of the famed ...

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F. W. Thomas

revised by Schuyler Jones

Sandberg, Samuel Louis Graham (1851–1905), Tibetan scholar, born on 9 December 1851 at Oughtibridge in Yorkshire, was the fifth child in a family of five sons and two daughters of Paul Louis Sandberg (d. 1878), then vicar of Oughtibridge, and his wife, ...