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Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...

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Benmohel, Nathan Lazarus (1803–1869), Hebrew and German scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, son of Rabbi Elieza Lazi (1741–1841), presiding judge, or dayan, of Posen, and the united congregations of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Todros Munk...

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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Blayney, Benjamin (1727/8–1801), Hebraist and Church of England clergyman, may have been baptized at St Swithin's, Worcester, on 18 February 1727, and may have been the son of Thomas and Betty Blayney. He was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, where he matriculated aged eighteen on 1 July 1746; he graduated BA (1750) and MA (1753). Afterwards he became a fellow, and eventually vice-principal, of ...

Article

James Mew

revised by S. J. Skedd

Bouquet, Philip (1670/71–1748), Hebrew scholar, was the son of Thomas Bouquet of La Rochelle, France. He was educated at Westminster School and admitted a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge, on 12 June 1689, aged eighteen. Having been elected a scholar in 1690 he graduated BA in 1693 and proceeded MA (1696), BD (1706), and DD (1711). He was elected fellow of his college in 1696 and was ordained priest on 14 March 1703. In 1704 he was temporarily appointed regius professor of Hebrew, in the absence of ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bruarne [Bruerne], Richard (1519–1565), Hebrew scholar, was born on 10 March 1519, according to a note by him in Hebrew and Latin in his copy of Giralmo Cardona's Libelli quinti (1546) in the British Library. He studied at Lincoln College, Oxford, taking his BA on 8 February 1537 and his MA on 2 May 1539. He was appointed a fellow of the college in 1538. In March 1546 he was appointed to the living of ...

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Byng, Andrew (1574–1652), Church of England clergyman and Hebraist, was born at Cambridge, the second son of Thomas Byng (d. 1599), regius professor of law and master of Clare College, Cambridge, and his wife, Catherine Randolph or Rendell (1553–1627). He matriculated from Clare...

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Edmund Venables

revised by Gerald Law

Crowfoot, John Rustat (1817–1875), Hebrew and Syriac scholar, was born at Beccles, Suffolk, on 21 February 1817. His father was William Henchman Crowfoot, a surgeon. He was educated at Eton College, where he obtained a foundation scholarship. He matriculated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Driver, Sir Godfrey Rolles (1892–1975), Hebraist and Semitist, was born in Oxford on 20 August 1892 as the eldest of three sons and two daughters of Samuel Rolles Driver (1846–1914), regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Christ Church, and his wife, Mabel, ...

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Ferdinand, Philip (1556–1599), Hebrew and Arabic scholar, was born of Jewish parentage in Poland in 1556. In his youth he studied the Talmud in the traditional Jewish manner and, judging from his elegant Latin, his command of Greek, and his fine handwriting, also received a humanist education. After about 1580 he was in ...

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Fuller, Nicholas (c. 1557–1623), Hebraist and theologian, was the son of Robert Fuller and Catharine Cresset. Born in Hampshire, he received his early education in Southampton. As a youth he was appointed secretary to Robert Horne and John Watson, successively bishops of Winchester...

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Green, William (1713/14–1794), Hebraist, was born in Newark, Nottinghamshire. He was admitted to Clare College, Cambridge, as a sizar on 16 March 1734, and matriculated in 1735. He was admitted a scholar on Mr Wilson's foundation on 20 January 1736, then as a scholar on ...

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Kennett, Robert Hatch (1864–1932), biblical and Semitic scholar, was born at Nethercourt, St Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, on 9 September 1864, the only son of four children of John Kennett, farmer, JP for the Cinque Ports and first mayor of Ramsgate, and his second wife, ...

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Kilbye, Richard (1560/61–1620), Hebraist, was born at Redcliffe in Leicestershire; the identities of his parents are unknown. He matriculated from Lincoln College, Oxford, on 20 December 1577, aged sixteen, and was elected to a fellowship of the college on 18 January in the following year. He took his BA degree on 9 December 1578 and his MA on 2 July 1582. On 10 December 1590 he was appointed to the rectorship of ...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Gerald Law

Leathes, Stanley (1830–1900), Hebrew scholar, the son of Chaloner Stanley Leathes, rector of Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire, was born in Ellesborough on 21 March 1830. He was educated privately and at Jesus College, Cambridge, where he matriculated in 1848, graduated BA in 1852, was elected first Tyrwhitt's Hebrew scholar in 1853, and proceeded MA in 1855. He was ordained deacon in 1856 and priest in 1857, and was curate successively of ...

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Lewis, Waller Augustus (bap. 1816, d. 1882), public health reformer and chief medical officer at the General Post Office, was born in Westminster, London, where he was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields on 20 January 1816, the son of Kensington Lewis (1789/...

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John Lightfoot (1602–1675) by Robert White, pubd 1684 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lightfoot, John (1602–1675), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born at home on 29 March 1602 in Stoke-on-Trent, the second son of Thomas Lightfoot (1577?–1658), vicar of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, for thirty-six years, and Elizabeth Bagnall (1566?–1637). Both his parents had been born near by—his father at ...