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Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...

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Benmohel, Nathan Lazarus (1803–1869), Hebrew and German scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, son of Rabbi Elieza Lazi (1741–1841), presiding judge, or dayan, of Posen, and the united congregations of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Todros Munk...

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Bennet, George (1750/51–1835), Hebraist and Presbyterian minister; details of his upbringing and parents are unknown. He passed a great portion of his life in the study of Hebrew and he was well acquainted with the learning of the rabbis, who were in his opinion more accustomed, if not better able, than Christian commentators to interpret the Hebrew ...

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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Blayney, Benjamin (1727/8–1801), Hebraist and Church of England clergyman, may have been baptized at St Swithin's, Worcester, on 18 February 1727, and may have been the son of Thomas and Betty Blayney. He was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, where he matriculated aged eighteen on 1 July 1746; he graduated BA (1750) and MA (1753). Afterwards he became a fellow, and eventually vice-principal, of ...

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Boothroyd, Benjamin (1768–1836), Independent minister and Hebrew scholar, was born at Warley, in the parish of Halifax, Yorkshire, on 10 October 1768, the son of a poor shoemaker there. He was sent to the village school, and left it when six years old, able to read the ...

Article

James Mew

revised by S. J. Skedd

Bouquet, Philip (1670/71–1748), Hebrew scholar, was the son of Thomas Bouquet of La Rochelle, France. He was educated at Westminster School and admitted a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge, on 12 June 1689, aged eighteen. Having been elected a scholar in 1690 he graduated BA in 1693 and proceeded MA (1696), BD (1706), and DD (1711). He was elected fellow of his college in 1696 and was ordained priest on 14 March 1703. In 1704 he was temporarily appointed regius professor of Hebrew, in the absence of ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bruarne [Bruerne], Richard (1519–1565), Hebrew scholar, was born on 10 March 1519, according to a note by him in Hebrew and Latin in his copy of Giralmo Cardona's Libelli quinti (1546) in the British Library. He studied at Lincoln College, Oxford, taking his BA on 8 February 1537 and his MA on 2 May 1539. He was appointed a fellow of the college in 1538. In March 1546 he was appointed to the living of ...

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Byng, Andrew (1574–1652), Church of England clergyman and Hebraist, was born at Cambridge, the second son of Thomas Byng (d. 1599), regius professor of law and master of Clare College, Cambridge, and his wife, Catherine Randolph or Rendell (1553–1627). He matriculated from Clare...

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Henry Bradley

revised by Philip Carter

Caddick, Richard (bap. 1741, d. 1819), Hebrew scholar, was baptized at the Unitarian New Meeting-House, Moor Street, Birmingham, the son of Job Caddick of Sedgley, Staffordshire, and his wife, Rebecca. He matriculated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, on 21 October 1772 and graduated BA (5 June 1776) and MA (20 June 1799) at ...

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Chevallier, Anthony Rudolph (1523–1572), Hebraist, was born on 16 March 1523 at Montchamps in Normandy. He was educated in Paris, where he studied Hebrew under François Vatable at the Collège de France. After converting to protestantism he moved to England during the reign of ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Cook, John (1771–1824), Church of Scotland minister and Hebrew scholar, eldest son of the Revd John Cook, professor of moral philosophy at the University of St Andrews, and his wife, Janet, daughter of the Revd John Hill, was born on 24 November 1771. He graduated at ...

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Edmund Venables

revised by Gerald Law

Crowfoot, John Rustat (1817–1875), Hebrew and Syriac scholar, was born at Beccles, Suffolk, on 21 February 1817. His father was William Henchman Crowfoot, a surgeon. He was educated at Eton College, where he obtained a foundation scholarship. He matriculated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Davidson, Andrew Bruce (1831–1902), Hebraist and theologian, was born on 25 April 1831 in the farmstead at Ellon, north Aberdeenshire, the son of Andrew Davidson (d. 1863) and Helen Bruce (d. 1876). His parents were keenly interested in the ecclesiastical and theological controversies that were to lead to the Disruption of 1843 and the founding of the ...

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W. R. Nicoll

revised by Gerald Law

Davies, Benjamin (1814–1875), Hebrew scholar, was born at Wern, near St Clears, Carmarthenshire, on 26 February 1814. He studied for the Baptist ministry in Wales at the Bristol Baptist college (1830), at Glasgow, and at Leipzig, where he was awarded a PhD degree in 1838. He then moved to ...

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Douglas, George Cunninghame Monteath (1826–1904), Hebrew scholar, was born on 2 March 1826, in Kilbarchan, west Renfrewshire, one of six children of Robert Douglas, minister of the parish, and his wife, Janet, daughter of John Monteath, minister of Houston. His brother, Carstairs Douglas (1830–1877)...

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Driver, Sir Godfrey Rolles (1892–1975), Hebraist and Semitist, was born in Oxford on 20 August 1892 as the eldest of three sons and two daughters of Samuel Rolles Driver (1846–1914), regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Christ Church, and his wife, Mabel, ...

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Etheridge, John Wesley (1804–1866), Wesleyan Methodist minister and Semitic scholar, was born at Youngwoods, a farmhouse near Newport, Isle of Wight, on 24 February 1804. His father was a Methodist local preacher and had been urged by Wesley to enter the itinerant ministry, but refused. His mother was ...