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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cook, Stanley Arthur (1873–1949), biblical scholar and Semitist, was born on 12 April 1873 at St John's Terrace, King's Lynn, Norfolk, the son of John Thomas Cook, coal merchant, and his wife, Frances Sarah Else. He was educated at Wyggeston School, Leicester, and at ...

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Davidson, Andrew Bruce (1831–1902), Hebraist and theologian, was born on 25 April 1831 in the farmstead at Ellon, north Aberdeenshire, the son of Andrew Davidson (d. 1863) and Helen Bruce (d. 1876). His parents were keenly interested in the ecclesiastical and theological controversies that were to lead to the Disruption of 1843 and the founding of the ...

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Fuller, Nicholas (c. 1557–1623), Hebraist and theologian, was the son of Robert Fuller and Catharine Cresset. Born in Hampshire, he received his early education in Southampton. As a youth he was appointed secretary to Robert Horne and John Watson, successively bishops of Winchester...

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Kalisch, Marcus Moritz (1825–1885), Hebraist and biblical commentator, was born of Jewish parents at Treptow, Pomerania, on 16 May 1825. He was educated in Berlin, first at the Gymnasium of the Grauer Kloster, then at the University of Berlin, where he studied classical philology and Semitic languages, and finally at the rabbinical seminary. In 1848 he gained doctorates at the universities of ...

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Kennett, Robert Hatch (1864–1932), biblical and Semitic scholar, was born at Nethercourt, St Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, on 9 September 1864, the only son of four children of John Kennett, farmer, JP for the Cinque Ports and first mayor of Ramsgate, and his second wife, ...

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John Lightfoot (1602–1675) by Robert White, pubd 1684 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lightfoot, John (1602–1675), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born at home on 29 March 1602 in Stoke-on-Trent, the second son of Thomas Lightfoot (1577?–1658), vicar of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, for thirty-six years, and Elizabeth Bagnall (1566?–1637). Both his parents had been born near by—his father at ...

Article

W. A. L. Elmslie

revised by R. S. Simpson

McLean, Norman (1865–1947), Semitic and biblical scholar, was born at Lanark on 2 October 1865, the eldest son of the Revd Daniel McLean, a minister of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland in Lanark from 1865, and his wife, Grace Millar. He was educated in ...

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Mede [Mead], Joseph (1586–1638), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born in October 1586 at Berden, Essex, of unknown parents 'of honest rank', according to the 'Life' contained in his collected works, and was related through his father to Sir John Mede (or Mead)...

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Smith, William Robertson (1846–1894), theologian and Semitic scholar, was born on 8 November 1846 at New Farm, Keig, Aberdeenshire, the second of the eight children of William Pirie Smith (1811–1890), Free Church minister at Keig and Tough, and Jane, daughter of William Robertson...

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Tremellius, (Joannes) Immanuel (1510–1580), Hebrew and biblical scholar, was born in Ferrara, Italy, in 1510. His parents were Jews, and he had at least one brother. In Ferrara he received a traditional Jewish education as well as a humanist training in Latin and Greek, and, when he was twenty, proceeded to the ...

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Wright, Charles Henry Hamilton (1836–1909), Hebraist and theologian, was born at Dublin on 9 March 1836, the second son of the ten children of Edward Wright, barrister of Floraville, Donnybrook, co. Dublin, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Joseph Wright of Beech Hill, Donnybrook...