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Campbell, John Lorne, of Canna (1906–1996), scholar of Scottish Gaelic folklore, was born in Edinburgh on 1 October 1906, the eldest son of Colonel Duncan Campbell, laird of Inverneill, Argyll, and his wife, Ethel, née Harriet, from New Jersey, USA. He was educated at ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Clark, John (d. 1807), scholar of Scottish Gaelic literature and land agent, was, in the astringent judgement of the Celtic scholar Alexander Macbain, 'James Macpherson's fellow Badenoch man, contemporary, friend, and sincere imitator in poetry and literary honesty' (Macbain, 186). In 1778 ...

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Cleaver, Euseby Digby [Eusebh D. Mac Cliabhair] (1826–1894), Church of England clergyman and promoter of the Irish language, was born on 8 March 1826 at Delgany, co. Wicklow, the eldest son of William Cleaver, rector of the parish, and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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See Duffy, George Gavan [Seoirse Ui Gabháin]

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Erskine, Stuart Richard [known as Ruaraidh Erskine of Mar] (1869–1960), political activist and Gaelic entrepreneur, was born at 1 Portland Place, Brighton, on 15 January 1869, second of the three sons of William Macnaghten Erskine, fifth Baron Erskine (1841–1913), army officer, and his wife, ...

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Gillies, William [Liam MacGille Iosa] (1865–1932), Scottish nationalist and Gaelic cultural activist, was born at 16 Upper Berkeley Street West, Paddington, London, on 23 December 1865, the son of Robert Gillies (1836–1909), a draper in the City of London, and his wife, Agnes, ...

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Grant, Isabel Frances [Elsie] (1887–1983), promoter of Scottish Gaelic culture and writer, was born on 21 July 1887 at 34 Melville Street, Edinburgh, the eldest of the six children of Colonel Hugh Gough Grant CB (1845–1922), of the 78th and Seaforth Highlanders, and his wife, ...

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J. L. Campbell and H. C. G. Matthew

Henderson, George (1866–1912), Gaelic scholar, was born on 18 February 1866 at Heughden, Kiltarlity, Inverness-shire, the son of Elizabeth Fraser, daughter of a farmer; his reputed father was George Henderson, general merchant, of Inverness (d. cert.); he had a half-sister, Wilhelmina Fraser...

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Jackson, Kenneth Hurlstone (1909–1991), Celtic scholar, was born on 1 November 1909 at Melville, Lavender Vale, Beddington, Surrey, the younger child of Alan Stuart Jackson (1877–1964), stockbroker, and his wife, Lucy Jane, née Hurlstone (1879–1970). While his father's family included clerics and civil servants, his mother's contained several artists, notably ...

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Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1909–1991) by Walter Bird, 1959 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kirk, Robert (1644–1692), Gaelic scholar, was born on 9 December 1644, probably at Aberfoyle, Perthshire, the seventh and youngest son of James Kirk (1608/1609?–1658), minister there, and his wife, Elizabeth Carkettle (d. 1679). He studied at Edinburgh University (where he graduated MA on 19 July 1661), and afterwards at ...

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Logan, James (1796/7–1872), writer on Scottish Gaelic culture, was born in Aberdeen, the son of a merchant there. He was educated at the local grammar school and afterwards at Marischal College. A fractured skull sustained while attending a highland games prevented him from following his intended career in law. From about 1821 it appears that he lived mainly in ...

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MacEachainn, Eoghan [Evan Maceachen] (1769–1849), Roman Catholic priest and Gaelic scholar, was born at Arisaig, Inverness-shire, and educated in a school at Ruthven, near Huntly, Aberdeenshire. He was sent in 1788 to the Scots College at Valladolid, where he was ordained priest in 1798. On his return to the mission he was stationed at ...

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J. R. MacDonald

revised by Philip Carter

Macfarlane, Patrick (1757/8–1832), Gaelic scholar, was for some time schoolmaster at Appin, Argyllshire, but towards the end of his life was resident in Glasgow. His work in Gaelic literature consisted mostly of translations published by the Society in Scotland for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge...

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Macgillivray, Charles Robert (1805/6–1867), physician and Gaelic scholar, the son of Neil Macgillivray, a crofter, and his wife, Christina, née McEachran, was born in Kilfinichen, Mull. He received his elementary education at the school of his native parish, and when about twenty went to ...

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MacGregor, Alexander (1806–1881), Church of Scotland minister and writer of Scottish Gaelic prose, was born on 26 May 1806 at the Mission House, Dalfuil, Glengairn, near Ballater, the eldest of the four children of the Revd Robert MacGregor (1767–1846) and his wife, Janet Menzies...

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Macintosh, Donald (1743–1808), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and Gaelic scholar, was born at Orchilmore, near Killiecrankie, Perthshire, the son of a tenant farmer. After attending the parish school he went to Edinburgh, where he worked from 1774 as a penny postman. He subsequently became a copying clerk and tutor to the family of ...

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Mackay, Mackintosh (1793–1873), Free Church of Scotland minister and Gaelic scholar, was born at Eddrachillis, Sutherland, on 18 November 1793, the son of Alexander Mackay, tacksman of Duartbeg and a captain in the Reay fencibles, and his wife, Helen, eldest daughter of Alexander Falconer...

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MacLachlan, Ewen (1773–1822), poet and Gaelic scholar, was born at Torracaltin, Nether Lochaber, the son of a weaver. After attending the parish school at Kilmallie, he worked as private tutor to several prominent local families. Financial assistance from the chief of the clan ...

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Maclauchlan, Thomas (1816–1886), Free Church of Scotland minister and Gaelic scholar, was born on 29 January 1816 at Moy, Inverness-shire. He was the fourth child of James Maclauchlan, minister of Moy, and his second wife, Catherine Fraser. He was educated initially at home and then at the ...