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Aldred, Cyril (1914–1991), Egyptologist and art historian, was born on 19 February 1914 at 41 Beltran Road, Fulham, London, the fifth of the six children of Frederick Aldred, a civil servant, and his wife, Lilian Ethel Underwood. Educated at the Sloane School, Chelsea...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Belfour, John (1768–1842), Hebrew and Coptic scholar and poet, was a member of the Royal Society of Literature and died from 'decay of nature' at 65 Westmorland Place, Hoxton New Town, London, on 8 June 1842, aged seventy-four; he was buried later in June. Little is known of him. His works included various poems and biblical translations, notably the ...

Article

Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1778–1823), performing artist and Egyptologist, was born on 5 November 1778 in Padua, the son of a barber, Giacomo Belzoni, and his wife, Teresa. He went to Rome aged sixteen to prepare himself for monastic orders; he claimed also to have studied hydraulics. The French invasion of ...

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Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823) by Maxim Gauci, pubd 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

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Birch, Samuel (1813–1885), Egyptologist, was born on 2 or 3 November 1813 in London, eldest son of the Revd Samuel Birch (1780?–1848), rector of St Mary Woolnoth, later a prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral and vicar of Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, ...

Article

Bonomi, Joseph (1796–1878), sculptor and Egyptologist, and his twin sister, Mary Anne Bonomi (1796–1872), were born at 76 Great Titchfield Street, London, on 9 October 1796, the eighth and ninth but fourth and fifth surviving children of Joseph (Giuseppe) Bonomi (1739–1808), architect, and ...

Article

Černý, Jaroslav (1898–1970), Egyptologist, was born on 22 August 1898 in Pilsen, Bohemia, the son of Antonín Černý, civil servant, and his wife, Anna Navrátilová. He was educated at Pilsen grammar school, where he first developed his lifelong passion for Egyptology, and from 1915 at the ...

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Crum, Walter Ewing (1865–1944), Coptic scholar, was born on 22 July 1865 at Capelrig, Renfrewshire, the eldest son of Alexander Crum (1828–1893), manufacturer and Liberal member of parliament for Renfrewshire (1880–85), and his wife, Margaret Stewart (Nina), eldest daughter of Alexander Ewing, bishop of ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Cullimore, Isaac (1791–1852), Egyptologist, was born in Ireland. He was a member of the Numismatic Society and was one of the first orientalists to make use of astronomy and astronomical inquiries to fix important dates in ancient history. Most of his papers were published in the ...

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Edwards, Amelia Ann Blanford (1831–1892), author and Egyptologist, was born in Colebrook Row, Islington, London, on 7 June 1831, the only child of Thomas Edwards (1786–1860), a half-pay army officer who later worked for the Provincial Bank of Ireland in London, and Alicia Walpole (...

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Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards (1831–1892) by Herbert Watkins, late 1850s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edwards, (Iorwerth) Eiddon Stephen (1909–1996), Egyptologist, was born on 21 July 1909 at 57 Lightfoot Road, Hornsey, London, the second of the two children of Edward Edwards (1870–1944), Persian scholar on the staff of the department of oriental manuscripts at the British Museum...

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Emery, (Walter) Bryan (1903–1971), Egyptologist, was born on 2 July 1903 at Liverpool, the second son of Walter Thomas Emery, principal of the technical college at Liverpool, and his wife, Beatrice Mary Benbow, also of Liverpool. He was educated at St Francis Xavier's College, Liverpool...

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Gardiner, Sir Alan Henderson (1879–1963), Egyptologist and linguistic scholar, was born on 29 March 1879 in Eltham, Kent, the younger son of Henry John Gardiner (1843–1940), director (later chairman) of the textile company Bradbury, Greatorex & Co., and his wife, Clara Elizabeth, née...

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Glanville, Stephen Ranulph Kingdon (1900–1956), Egyptologist, was born on 26 April 1900 in Westminster, London, the elder son of Stephen James Glanville, deputy editor of the Daily Telegraph, and his wife, (Nannie) Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Kingdon; she was a hospital matron and became first president of the ...

Article

Francis Espinasse

revised by Josef L. Altholz

Goodwin, Charles Wycliffe (1817–1878), Egyptologist, was born on 2 April 1817 at 2 Bridge Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk. He was the eldest of four sons of a solicitor, Charles Goodwin (d. 1859), and his wife, Frances Catherine, née Sawyer (d. 1825)...

Article

H. I. Bell

revised by R. S. Simpson

Grenfell, Bernard Pyne (1869–1926), papyrologist, was born on 16 December 1869 in Birmingham, the eldest and only surviving son of John Granville Grenfell FGS (d. 1897), a master at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and previously (1861–6) assistant in the department of Greek and Roman antiquities at the ...