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Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by Janette Ryan

Beal, Samuel (1825–1889), Sinologist, was born at Devonport on 27 November 1825, the son of William Beal (1785–1872), a Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Mary Anne. He was the younger brother of William Beal (1815–1870), a religious writer. He was educated at Kingswood School...

Article

Burdon, John Shaw (1826–1907), bishop of Victoria, Hong Kong, and Chinese scholar, only son of James Burdon and Isabella, his second wife, was born at Auchterarder in Perthshire on 12 December 1826. After his father's early death he was brought up by an uncle, who kept a school at ...

Article

Graham, Angus Charles (1919–1991), Sinologist and philosopher, was born on 8 July 1919 at 31 Clive Place, Penarth, Glamorgan, the elder of two sons of Charles Harold Graham (1893–1928) and his wife, Mabelle, née Booker. At the time of his birth, his father was a coal exporter, but in 1925 he moved to ...

Article

See Hosie, Sir Alexander

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Kidd, Samuel (1804–1843), missionary in Malacca and Chinese scholar, was born on 22 November 1804 at Welton, near Hull, and was educated at the village school in Welton. In 1818 he was sent to Hull, where his thoughts were directed towards a missionary career, and in 1820 he entered the ...

Article

Legge, James (1815–1897), Sinologist and missionary, was born on 20 December 1815 in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, the youngest of the four sons of Ebenezer Legge (1770–1848), a successful drapery merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth (née Cruickshank; d. 1817). Born into in a '...

Article

Lindsay, Michael Francis Morris, second Baron Lindsay of Birker (1909–1994), writer on China, was born at 40 Mecklenburg Square, St Pancras, London, on 24 February 1909, the elder son and first of the three children of Alexander Dunlop Lindsay, first Baron Lindsay of Birker...

Image

Robert Morrison (1782–1834) by John R. Wildman, in or before 1824 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by Robert Bickers

Morrison, Robert (1782–1834), missionary and Chinese scholar, youngest son among the eight children of James Morrison, manufacturer of lasts and boot-trees, and Hannah, née Nicholson (d. 1802), was born on 5 January 1782 at Buller's Green, Morpeth, in Northumberland. In 1785 his parents moved to ...

Article

Purcell, Victor William Williams Saunders (1896–1965), colonial administrator and historian, was born on 26 January 1896, the son, and apparently the only child, of Victor Adolphus Purcell (1863–1951), clerk in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Harriett Eva, née Saunders. He was educated at ...

Article

Staunton, Sir George Thomas, second baronet (1781–1859), Sinologist and politician, was born on 26 May 1781 at Milford House, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, only surviving child of Sir George Leonard Staunton (1737–1801), diplomatist, and his wife, Jane, née Collins (1753–1823). His father imposed peculiar educational notions on the boy; he was educated at home under his father's eye and lived entirely in adult society, developing precocious abilities at languages and natural history. In 1792 he attended the turbulent national assembly in ...

Article

Summers, James (1828–1891), Sinologist and teacher of English in Japan, was born on 5 July 1828 at Bird Street, Lichfield, Staffordshire, the only son of Edward Summers, a plasterer, and his wife, Catherine. He was interested in languages from his youth and developed an interest in ...

Article

E. I. Carlyle

revised by Robert Bickers

Wylie, Alexander (1815–1887), missionary and Chinese scholar, was born in London on 6 April 1815, the youngest son of Alexander Wylie, an oil and colour merchant of 150 Drury Lane; his father had moved to London from Scotland about 1791. When a year old ...