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Erskine, Stuart Richard [known as Ruaraidh Erskine of Mar] (1869–1960), political activist and Gaelic entrepreneur, was born at 1 Portland Place, Brighton, on 15 January 1869, second of the three sons of William Macnaghten Erskine, fifth Baron Erskine (1841–1913), army officer, and his wife, ...

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Gillies, William [Liam MacGille Iosa] (1865–1932), Scottish nationalist and Gaelic cultural activist, was born at 16 Upper Berkeley Street West, Paddington, London, on 23 December 1865, the son of Robert Gillies (1836–1909), a draper in the City of London, and his wife, Agnes, ...

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Eoin MacNeill (1867–1945) by unknown photographer, c. 1910 Getty Images

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MacNeill, Eoin [John] (1867–1945), Irish nationalist and Celtic scholar, was born at Glenarm, co. Antrim, on 15 May 1867, the fourth son and sixth of nine children of Archibald MacNeill (1822–1889), baker, sailor, and merchant, and his wife, Rosetta Macauley (1847/8–1918). James McNeill...

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George Stronach

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Nicolson, Alexander (1827–1893), sheriff-substitute and Gaelic scholar, son of Malcolm Nicolson (d. c.1846), was born at Usabost in Skye on 27 September 1827. His early education was obtained from tutors. After the death of his father he entered Edinburgh University, intending to study for the ...

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Dorothy Pentreath (bap. 1692, d. 1777) by unknown engraver, pubd 1781 (after R. Scaddan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pentreath [later Jeffery], Dorothy [Dolly] (bap. 1692, d. 1777), native Cornish speaker, was born at Mousehole, Paul parish, Cornwall, and baptized on 16 May 1692. She was the second of six children of Nicholas Pentreath, a fisherman, and his second wife, Jone...

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Renzy, Sir Matthew de (1577–1634), customs official and Gaelic scholar, was born in 1577 in 'Cullen' (probably Cologne), Germany. Having spent some time as a cloth dealer in Antwerp, he moved to London and lived there as a merchant stranger in ...