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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Davies, John (c. 1570–1644), Church of England clergyman and Welsh scholar, was born at Llanferres, Denbighshire, the son of Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, said to have been a weaver, and his wife, Elizabeth ferch Lewis ap Dafydd Lloyd. It was within a few miles of his birthplace that he came in contact with two men who set the course for his life and achievements. The first, the ...

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Evans, Daniel Silvan (1818–1903), Welsh scholar and lexicographer, born at Fron Wilym Uchaf, Llannarth, Cardiganshire, on 11 January 1818, was the son of Silvanus Evans, a farmer, and his wife, Sarah. He attended a nearby school for two months at a house called ...

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Evans, John [pseuds. I. D. Ffraid, Adda Jones] (1814–1875), Welsh scholar and businessman, was born at Tŷ Mawr, Llansanffraid Glan Conwy, on 23 July 1814, the son of David and Grace Evans. His education consisted of two periods, at Abergele in 1824 and at ...

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Foster, Sir Idris Llewelyn (1911–1984), Welsh and Celtic scholar, was born on 23 July 1911 at Carneddi, Bethesda, Caernarvonshire, the elder child and elder son of Harold Llewelyn Foster, of Bethesda, and his wife, Anne Jane Roberts, both shopkeepers. He was educated at ...

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Iaco ab Dewi [James Davies] (1647/8–1722), copyist and translator, was born in Llandysul, Cardiganshire. There is no record of his birth or baptism and nothing is known of his family antecedents, but he appears to have lived to early adulthood in Carmarthenshire. Under the influence of ...

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Jones, Sir John Morris- (1864–1929), Welsh scholar and poet, was born at Trefor, Llandrygarn, Anglesey, on 17 October 1864, the eldest son of Morris Jones (d. 1879) and his wife, Elizabeth Roberts, shopkeepers, both originally of Llanrug, Caernarvonshire. When he was three years old his parents moved to ...

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Jones, Robert (1810–1879), writer on Welsh literature and Church of England clergyman, was born on 6 January 1810 at Llanfyllin in Montgomeryshire, the eldest son of Robert Jones, a bailiff. He was educated at Oswestry grammar school and at Jesus College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 12 December 1833 and graduated BA in 1837. Ordained deacon by the bishop of ...

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Morgan, John [known as John Morgan Matchin] (1688–1733/4), Church of England clergyman and Welsh scholar, was born on 7 February 1688 at Llangelynnin, Merioneth, north Wales, younger son of Edward Morgan (fl. 1651–1700), curate of Llangelynnin, and his wife, Margreta (...

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Morris, Richard (1703–1779), clerk and promoter of the Welsh language, was born on 2 February 1703 in Fferam in the parish of Llanfihangel Tre'r-beirdd in Anglesey, the second son of Morris Prichard (1674–1763), cooper, tenant farmer, and small merchant, and Marged Morris (1671–1752)...

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Parry, Sir Thomas (1904–1985), scholar of Welsh and academic administrator, was born at Brynawel, Carmel, Caernarvonshire, on 4 August 1904, the eldest of three children (all sons) of Richard Edwin Parry (1870–1942), a quarryman, and his wife Jane, née Williams (1877–1957), from Llangwnnadl...

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Wiliems [Williams], Thomas (b. 1545/6?, d. in or before 1623?), Welsh lexicographer, was the son of Wiliam ap Tomos ap Gronwy, and Catherine, the illegitimate daughter of Meredydd ab Ifan, founder of the Wynn family of Gwydir and great-grandfather of its historian, Sir John Wynn...

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Williams, (Maria) Jane [called Llinos] (1795–1873), singer and compiler of traditional Welsh music, was almost certainly born at Aberpergwm House in the Vale of Neath, Glamorgan, south Wales, where her family had lived for generations. She was the daughter of Rees Williams (1755–1812)...

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Williams, Moses (1685–1742), Welsh scholar and translator, son of Samuel Williams (c.1660–c.1722), vicar of Llandyfrïog and rector of Llangynllo, Cardiganshire, and his wife, Margaret Prydderch, of Llandysul parish, was born on 2 March 1685 at Glaslwyn, Cellan, Cardiganshire. After a period at ...

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Sir Thomas Herbert Parry- Williams (1887–1975) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Williams, Sir Thomas Herbert Parry- (1887–1975), Welsh scholar and writer, was born at Tŷ'r Ysgol, Rhyd-ddu, Caernarvonshire on 21 September 1887, the second child and eldest son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Henry Parry-Williams (1858–1925), schoolmaster at Rhyd-ddu...