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Adgar [William] (fl. 1150x1200), Anglo-Norman translator, was baptized Adgar but reveals that he was more commonly known as William; Trouvère (roughly meaning ‘poet’) is a later and inauthentic epithet. As the author of the first vernacular rendering of the miracles of the Virgin Mary...

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Alfonsi, Petrus (fl. 1106–1126), scholar and translator of scientific works, was born in northern Spain, to Jewish parents. He was baptized a Christian on 29 June 1106 in Huesca, Aragon, with the names of the apostle on whose feast day the baptism took place and of his godfather, ...

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Atkinson, William (d. 1509), translator, lived in the diocese of York, and was one of the original fellows of Jesus College, Cambridge, by 1499. He gained the degrees of BA in 1475, MA in 1478, BD in 1489, and DD in 1497. He was appointed fellow of ...

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Bath, Adelard of (b. in or before 1080?, d. in or after 1150), scientist and translator, was a pioneer in introducing Arabic mathematics into England.

Although absolute confidence cannot be placed in the autobiographical details included within the fictitious context of his literary works, ...

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Burgh, Benedict (d. in or before 1483), clerk and translator, is known only from a few surviving scraps of information about his life. An Oxford MA, he rented a school from University College in 1432–3, and was granted letters testimonial by the university on 3 July 1433. In 1434 he was rector of ...

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See Ketton, Robert of

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Fetcham [Peckham], Peter of [Pierre d'Abernon] (fl. 1267–1276), translator and poet, was probably born in Fetcham (or possibly Peckham), Surrey, a member of the d'Abernon or d'Abenon family of Fetcham and nearby Stoke d'Abernon, which led to his being also called Peter, or Piere, de Abernun...

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Florio, Michael Angelo (d. 1566x71), Reformed minister, author, and translator, was probably born in Florence or Siena, into a family of converted Jews. He joined the Franciscan conventual order under the name Paolo Antonio, but about 1541 converted to the reform movement, and started a wandering career as a preacher in several Italian cities. In 1548 he was arrested, tortured, and detained in ...

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Gast, Luce of (supp. fl. c. 1230), supposed writer and translator, appears as knight and lord of the castle of ‘Gat’ (variously ‘Gast’, ‘Galt’, ‘Gaut’, ‘Gant’, ‘Gad’, ‘Gait’) near Salisbury (no identification has ever been made), and as the ostensible translator of the ...

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Hull [née Malet], Eleanor, Lady Hull (c. 1394–1460), translator, was the only child of Sir John Malet of Enmore, Somerset (d. before 1395), retainer of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and of his wife, Joan (c.1370–1426), daughter of ...

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Kay [Caius], John (fl. c. 1482), translator, who describes himself as 'poete lawreate' of Edward IV, dedicated to him a prose translation of the Obsidionis Rhodie urbis descriptio, an eyewitness account of the siege of Rhodes by the Turks in 1480 by ...

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Ketton, Robert of (fl. 1141–1157), astronomer and translator, is almost certainly identifiable with Robert, archdeacon of Pamplona (fl. 1145–1157): both are attested in Spain in the middle decades of the twelfth century. He often appears in the sources with the toponym Ketenensis...

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See Ó Fithcheallaigh, Muiris [Maurice O'Fihely, Mauritius de Portu]

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Phaer [Phayer], Thomas (1510?–1560), translator and physician, was the son of Thomas Phaer of Norwich and his wife, Clara, daughter of either Sir Richard or Sir William Godier. He was educated at Oxford University and Lincoln's Inn. Early in his career he became attached to the household of ...

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Raphael, Marco (fl. 1529–1534), Hebraist, was a Jewish convert to Christianity from Venice, where he was rewarded by the council of ten for inventing an improved brand of invisible ink. In 1529 he was recruited to the cause of Henry VIII's divorce by another Venetian, ...

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Scot [Scott], Michael (d. in or after 1235), translator, philosopher, and astrologer, may have been a member of the Scott family of Balwearie, near Kirkcaldy, in Fife. His date of birth is unknown.

About 1210 Scot went to Toledo, where, with one Abuteus...

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Scrope, Stephen (1397–1472), author and translator, was the grandson of Richard Scrope, first Baron Scrope of Bolton (c. 1327–1403), and the eldest son of Sir Stephen Scrope, several time deputy in Ireland under Henry IV, and the Tiptoft heiress, Millicent (d. 1446)...

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Shareshill [Sareshel], Alfred of [called Alfred the Englishman] (fl. c. 1197–c. 1222), scientist and translator of Aristotelian works, came from Shareshill, which is probably the village of that name 10 miles west of Lichfield, and so is likely to be the '...

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Shirley, John (c. 1366–1456), author, translator, and scribe, is recorded in the early years of the fifteenth century in the service of Richard Beauchamp (d. 1439), who became earl of Warwick in 1401. In 1403 Shirley was in Warwick's retinue in the campaign against ...

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Trevisa, John (b. c. 1342, d. in or before 1402), translator, is of Cornish origins. Though his exact birthplace is unknown, his name implies that he came of a Cornish family from one of the places called Trevessa or Trevease. He was admitted to ...