Adams, George (b. 1697/8), translator and writer, was the son of George Adams (d. 1724?), clergyman (probably rector of Upton, Huntingdonshire, 1703–24). He was educated at Peterborough School and at St John's College, Cambridge, where he was admitted, aged eighteen, as a sizar on 23 May 1716 and graduated BA in 1720 and MA in 1735; in 1729 he became a fellow of the college. He was ordained deacon in ...
H. R. Tedder
revised by C. M. Fraser
Adamson, John (1787–1855), antiquary and Portuguese scholar, the last surviving son of Lieutenant Cuthbert Adamson RN and his second wife, Mary Huthwaite, was born on 13 September 1787 at his father's house in Gateshead. After education at the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle upon Tyne...
Alday, John (fl. 1566–1579), translator, whose origins are obscure, is described by Tanner as a resident in London (Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-hib., 25). He seems to have been preoccupied in particular with the state of man, as evidenced by his principal work, ...
Maker: unknown photographer
P. J. L. Frankl
Allen, John Willoughby Tarleton (1904–1979), colonial administrator and Swahili scholar, was born at Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, on 14 November 1904, the second child and only son of the vicar, the Revd Roland Allen (1868–1947), writer and theologian, and his wife, Mary Beatrice, ...
revised by Tim Wales
Allibond, Peter (1559/60–1629), Church of England clergyman and translator, was born at Wardington, Oxfordshire, where his family had lived for many generations; his parents' names are not known. He became a student at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1578 (according to Anthony Wood): he matriculated from there, aged twenty, on 15 April 1580, graduated BA on 21 February 1582, and proceeded MA on 6 July 1585. After some years spent in foreign travel, he was ordained. In 1592 ...
Arnold, Elizabeth (fl. 1616), translator, may have been the daughter of William Arnold of Cromer, Norfolk, whose genealogical line was recorded by the visitation of the Society of Heralds to Norfolk in 1613, although no details of her birth, death, and family are known. ...
revised by Beth F. Wood
Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...
Ashley, Robert (1565–1641), translator and book collector, was born on 2 July 1565, second son of Anthony Ashley, of Damerham, Wiltshire, and Dorothy Lyte; he was the brother of Sir Anthony Ashley and Sir Francis Ashley. At an early age he acquired fluent French under ...
D. K. Money
Ashmore, John (fl. 1621), translator and poet, was probably a native of the area near Ripon in Yorkshire (to which his poems repeatedly refer), but his life appears obscure. There are no records of his attending university. He was the first to publish a selection of ...
Joel H. Baer and Debbie Welham
Aubin, Penelope (1679
T. F. T. Dyer
revised by J. A. Marchand
Aufrere, Anthony (1756–1833), translator and antiquary in Europe, was the eldest son of Anthony Aufrere (1730–1814), landowner and magistrate, of Hoveton Hall, Norfolk, and Anna (1735–1816), the only daughter of John Norris (d. 1734), of Witton, Norfolk, and Anna Carthew. His mother was the sister of ...
Authorized Version of the Bible, translators of the (act. 1604–1611), , were the group of scholars commissioned by James I to produce a new version of the scriptures in English following the Hampton Court conference of 1604.
That conference had in turn stemmed from the ‘millenary petition’ presented to ...
Auty, Robert (1914–1978), philologist, was born on 10 October 1914 at 31 Tooker Road, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of George Auty, headmaster of an elementary school, and his wife, Martha Louise, née Richards. Robert's sister Phyllis...
revised by Sean Kelsey
Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...
Peter Davidson and Ian William McLellan
Ayres, Philip (1638–1712), poet and translator, was born at Cottingham, Northamptonshire, and educated at Westminster School under Richard Busby. He is said to have been a member of St John's College, Oxford, but there is no record of his having matriculated at that university. By January 1666 he was attached to ...
Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...
Bain, Robert Nisbet (1854–1909), translator and historian, was born on 18 November 1854 in London, the eldest son of David Bain (d. after 1912), Cape and India merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Cowan of Liverpool. After education at private schools, he spent some years as a shorthand writer in the office of ...
Bargery, George Percy (1876–1966), missionary and Hausa scholar, was born on 1 October 1876 at 7 Oxford Terrace, St James Road, Exeter, the son of George Thomas Bargery, commercial traveller, and his wife, Ellen Dawes. Educated in Exeter and at the University of London...
revised by Philip Carter
Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...