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Austin [née Taylor], Sarah (1793–1867), translator and writer, was born in Colegate, Norwich, on 1 April 1793, the youngest of seven children of John Taylor (1750–1826), a wool and yarn manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna Taylor, née Cook (1755–1823) [see under...

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Beveridge [née Akroyd], Annette Susannah (1842–1929), orientalist, was born in Mount Street, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, on 13 December 1842, the third child and daughter surviving to adulthood of William Akroyd (d. 1869), a currier, and his wife, Sarah, née Walford, a daughter of the local livery stable owner. After his wife's death in 1849, ...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

Article

Henry Bradley

revised by Philip Carter

Caddick, Richard (bap. 1741, d. 1819), Hebrew scholar, was baptized at the Unitarian New Meeting-House, Moor Street, Birmingham, the son of Job Caddick of Sedgley, Staffordshire, and his wife, Rebecca. He matriculated at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, on 21 October 1772 and graduated BA (5 June 1776) and MA (20 June 1799) at ...

Article

Gordon, Lucie Duff [née Lucie Austin], Lady Duff Gordon (1821–1869), travel writer and translator, was born on 24 June 1821 at 1 Queen Square, Westminster, London, near the statue of Queen Anne (this section was demolished in the 1880s and renamed Queen Anne's Gate...

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See Manning, (Elizabeth) Adelaide

Article

Martineau, Russell (1831–1898), Hebraist and librarian, was born on 18 January 1831 in Dublin, the eldest son of James Martineau (1805–1900), Unitarian minister, and Helen (1804–1877), eldest daughter of Edward Higginson. He was educated at home and in Germany before entering University College, London...

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Moore, Sir Norman, first baronet (1847–1922), physician and Irish scholar, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 8 January 1847, the only child of Robert Ross Rowan Moore (1811–1864), barrister and political economist, of Kilmainham, Dublin, and his wife, Rebecca (1819–1905), daughter of ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. L. Bierbrier

Sharpe, Samuel (1799–1881), Egyptologist and biblical scholar, second of the six children of Sutton Sharpe (1756–1806), brewer of King Street and of 10 Nottingham Place, Marylebone, Middlesex, and his second wife, Maria (d. 1806), third daughter of Thomas Rogers, banker, was born in ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by C. A. Creffield

Smith, William (1816–1896), actuary and translator, was born in Liverpool of Scottish parents on 30 December 1816. His father died while he was an infant, and he was brought up in Edinburgh by his maternal grandfather, Robert Cumming, who, though a descendant of ...

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Anna Swanwick (1813–1899) by Katherine Bruce © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Swanwick, Anna (1813–1899), translator, writer, and social reformer, was born in Liverpool on 22 June 1813, the youngest of the three daughters of John Swanwick (d. 1837), a wealthy merchant, and Hannah Hilditch, of Trefflich Hall, Staffordshire. The Swanwicks were descended from ...

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William Taylor (1765–1836) by Thomas Goff Lupton, 1833 (after John Barwell, exh. Norwich Society of Artists 1832) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Taylor, William (1765–1836), reviewer and translator, was born on 7 November 1765 in Surrey Street, Norwich, the only child of William Taylor (1731/2–1819), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1735/6–1812), daughter of John Wright of Debenham, Suffolk, and later Diss. Intended for a mercantile career, he was tutored in languages from an early age by ...

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See Winkworth, Catherine