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Bulteel, John (bap. 1627, d. in or before 1692), writer and translator, was probably the second son and sixth child of John Bulteel (1584–1665), pastor of the Walloon church at Canterbury, and his wife, Marie Gabry: he was baptized there by his father on 26 August 1627. The ...

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Cawton, Thomas (bap. 1642, d. 1677), orientalist and nonconformist minister, was baptized at Wivenhoe, Essex, on 23 September 1642, the eldest son of Thomas Cawton (1605–1659), a distinguished divine and vicar of the parish, and Elizabeth, daughter of the preacher William Jenkyn. In 1644 the family moved to ...

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Coste, Pierre (1668–1747), translator and writer, was born on 27 October 1668 in Uzès (Cévennes), France, the second of sixteen children of Barthélemy Coste (1625–1707), a trader in woollen cloth, and his wife, Marguerite Verdier. At an early age Pierre lived with his maternal grandparents in nearby ...

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Dumont, Pierre-Étienne-Louis [Étienne] (1759–1829), editor and promoter of the work of Jeremy Bentham, was born in Geneva on 18 July 1759, the youngest of six children of Abraham David Dumont (d. 1762), jeweller, and his wife, Louise-Esther Illens. He was educated at the ...

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Florio, Michael Angelo (d. 1566x71), Reformed minister, author, and translator, was probably born in Florence or Siena, into a family of converted Jews. He joined the Franciscan conventual order under the name Paolo Antonio, but about 1541 converted to the reform movement, and started a wandering career as a preacher in several Italian cities. In 1548 he was arrested, tortured, and detained in ...

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Gentilis [Gentili], Robert (b. 1590, d. in or after 1655), translator, was born on 11 September 1590 in London, the eldest of the five children of Alberico Gentili (1552–1608), jurist and regius professor of civil law at Oxford, and his wife, Hester (...

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Theodore Haak (1605–1690) by Jonathan Richardson the elder © Royal Society

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Haak, Theodore (1605–1690), translator and natural philosopher, was born on 25 July 1605 at Neuhausen, near Worms, where his father, Theodor Haak, held some administrative office; his mother, Maria, was the daughter of Daniel Tossanus, a Huguenot refugee who had become rector of the ...

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Herbert, William (fl. c. 1606–1662), translator and author of religious tracts, was born at 'Margis in Flanders', the son of Andrew Herbert the younger (Parl. Arch., naturalization of William Herbert, 1620/21). His great-grandfather James Herbert had settled in Calais...

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La Fite, Marie Elisabeth de [née Marie Elisabeth le Boué] (1737–1794), author, translator, and governess, was born on 21 August 1737 in Hamburg (or perhaps Altona), the daughter of Alexander le Boué, merchant, and his wife, Marie Elisabeth, née Cottin. Both parents originated from the ...

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Lynne, Walter (d. in or before 1571), publisher and translator, was a native of Antwerp, and seems to have been active as a publisher in the Netherlands. A Wouter van Lin is known to have issued in Antwerp two editions of Gassar's Cronycke...

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Malan, Solomon Caesar [formerly César Jean Salomon] (1812–1894), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born on 22 April 1812 in the rue Verdaine, Geneva, the eldest of the twelve children of César Henri Abraham Malan (1787–1864), a Reformed minister of Huguenot descent, and his wife, ...

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Peter Anthony Motteux (1663–1718) by Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini [with members of his household] © Copyright The British Museum

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Motteux, Peter Anthony [formerly Pierre-Antoine Le Motteux] (1663–1718), journalist and translator, was born on 25 February 1663 in the parish of St Étienne-des-Tonneliers, Rouen, France, the eldest of the nine children of Antoine Le Motteux (1637–1679), merchant and haberdasher, and his wife, ...

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Pownall, Robert (1520–1571), Church of England clergyman and translator, was born in Dorset, not Somerset as formerly believed—a detail furnished by his signature on the list of English exiles at Aarau. Little is known of his life and career before the reign of ...

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Reina, Casiodoro de (c. 1520–1594), Reformed minister and translator, was Spanish by birth, probably from Seville or nearby Montemolín. The names of his parents are not recorded. After graduating from the University of Seville he was ordained and then joined the Observantine Hieronymite monastery of ...

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Véron, Jean (d. 1563), religious writer and translator and Church of England clergyman, was probably born at or near Sens, for he called himself 'senonoys'; nothing is known about his date of birth or about his family or private life. No record of ...