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Andrews, Robert (fl. 1747–1766), translator, was born into a nonconformist family which had lived for nearly two hundred years at Little Lever and at Rivington Hall, near Bolton, Lancashire. Nothing further is known of his parents. He was educated by Dr Caleb Rotheram...

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Anslay, Brian (d. 1536), administrator and translator, about whose parentage and origins little is known, participated, as yeoman of the wine cellar, in Henry VII's funeral procession and in Henry VIII's coronation ceremonies in 1509. In 1521 his translation of Christine de Pisan's...

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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Aston, William George (1841–1911), diplomatist and Japanese and Korean scholar, was born on 9 April 1841 near Londonderry, one of the five children of George Robert Aston, minister of the Unitarian Church of Ireland and schoolmaster. He was educated at Saintfield national school...

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William George Aston (1841–1911) by Minnie Agnes Cohen, 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (d. in or after 1816), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh and took his MD degree there in 1767. He entered the East India Company's service in Bengal as assistant surgeon on 3 July 1769, and was appointed full surgeon on 10 August 1777....

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Bowes, Thomas (fl. 1579–1589), translator, was educated at Clare College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1579–80 and MA in 1583. Bowes translated the first two volumes of Pierre de la Primaudaye's Academie Françoise (1577 and 1583): the first volume, dedicated to Master John Barne...

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Brooke [Broke], Arthur (d. 1563), translator, of whose life very little is known, produced the first known version of the Romeo and Juliet legend in English. His The tragicall historye of Romeus and Juliet, written first in Italian by Bandell, and nowe in Englishe by Ar. Br....

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Brown, Thomas (fl. 1570), translator, was a member of Lincoln's Inn. He was either the Thomas Brown admitted on 13 October 1562, or Thomas Brown of London, admitted on 6 August 1565. The second of these could have been 'Thomas Browne of ...

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Burrant, Robert (fl. 1546–1553), translator, was an Englishman, as is evident from his preface to Sir David Lindsay's poem, which also reveals his strongly pro-Reformation opinions. There seems to be no reason to support Tanner's citing of Burtant as an alternative form of his name, or his doubts as to whether ...

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Castelvetro, Giacomo (bap. 1546, d. 1616), writer and teacher of Italian, was born in Modena, Italy, and was baptized there at S. Barnaba, on 25 March 1546, the third son and ninth child of Niccolò Castelvetro (d. 1578), a wealthy banker, and his wife, ...

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Cawton, Thomas (bap. 1642, d. 1677), orientalist and nonconformist minister, was baptized at Wivenhoe, Essex, on 23 September 1642, the eldest son of Thomas Cawton (1605–1659), a distinguished divine and vicar of the parish, and Elizabeth, daughter of the preacher William Jenkyn. In 1644 the family moved to ...

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Chamberlain, Basil Hall [called Ōdō] (1850–1935), Japanologist, was born on 18 October 1850 in Southsea, Hampshire, the eldest son of William Charles Chamberlain (1818–1878), an admiral in the British navy, and his wife, Eliza Jane (1825?–1856?), daughter of Captain Basil Hall RN...

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Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), apothecary and Arabist, was born in London, the first child of John Channing (d. 1725), a London apothecary, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Robert Erle of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. Channing was apprenticed to his father on 5 August 1718, and was made a freeman of the ...

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Chatelain, Clara de [née Clara Du Mazet de Pontigny] (1807–1876), author and translator, was born on 31 July 1807 in London, the daughter of Victor-Henri du Mazet de Pontigny, an émigré French count, and his English wife, Mary. She was educated partly in ...

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Chevallier, Anthony Rudolph (1523–1572), Hebraist, was born on 16 March 1523 at Montchamps in Normandy. He was educated in Paris, where he studied Hebrew under François Vatable at the Collège de France. After converting to protestantism he moved to England during the reign of ...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Arthur Sherbo

Cooke, Thomas (1703–1756), translator and writer, was born on 16 December 1703, at Braintree, Essex, the son of John Cooke (d. in or after 1728), an innkeeper, and his wife, Rebeckah. His father, according to Pope, was a Muggletonian. Cooke was educated at ...

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Crull, Jodocus (d. 1713/14), writer and translator, was a native of Hamburg who studied medicine at Leiden (MD, 1679) and thereafter settled in England. He was admitted MD of Cambridge by incorporation on 7 August 1681 and licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians...