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Baillie, John (1772–1833), army officer in the East India Company and orientalist, younger son of George Baillie of Leys Castle, Inverness, and his wife, Anne (née Baillie), was born at Inverness on 10 May 1772, and entered the East India Company's service in 1790, arriving in ...

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T. W. Bayne

revised by R. S. Simpson

Birrell, John (1836–1901), orientalist, was born at Drumeldrie, Newburn parish, near St Andrews, on 21 October 1836, the elder of two sons of Hugh Birrell, architect, and his wife, Margaret Smith. His brother, George, an architect, died in 1876. After attending the parish school and ...

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See Brunton [née Balfour], Mary

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Cook, John (1771–1824), Church of Scotland minister and Hebrew scholar, eldest son of the Revd John Cook, professor of moral philosophy at the University of St Andrews, and his wife, Janet, daughter of the Revd John Hill, was born on 24 November 1771. He graduated at ...

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Dickson, William Purdie (1823–1901), theologian and translator, was the third son of George Dickson, Church of Scotland minister of Pettinain, and afterwards of Kilrenny, Fife, and his first wife, Mary Lockhart; he was born at Pettinain manse, Lanarkshire, on 22 October 1823. After attending ...

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Alison Anna Bowie Fairlie (1917–1993) by unknown photographer by permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library

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Fairlie, Alison Anna Bowie (1917–1993), scholar of French literature, was born on 23 May 1917 at the manse, Lerwick, Shetland, the eldest daughter of Robert Paul Fairlie, minister of the Church of Scotland, and his wife, Florence Annie Allan, née Wilson. She always maintained an intense feeling for her homeland. ...

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Hamilton, Alexander (1762–1824), orientalist, was born on 3 October 1762 in New (or Middle) Greenock, Renfrewshire, the first of many children, six of whom reached adult age, of William Hamilton (bap. 1722), merchant, and Jean Donald (b. 1740). His father, a cadet son of the laird of ...

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See Hamilton, Alexander

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Hepburn, James [name in religion Bonaventure] (b. 1573, d. in or after 1623), orientalist, is identified with the fourth son of Thomas Hepburn (d. 1585), the well-connected parish minister of Oldhamstocks in Haddingtonshire, born on 14 July 1573 (Mackenzie, 3.513...

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Hunter, Henry (1741–1802), Church of Scotland minister and translator, was born at Culross, Perthshire, on 25 August 1741, the fifth of seven children of David and Agnes Hunter. He was recognized to be an intelligent child and, though his was a humble family, he was sent, aged thirteen, to ...

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Keith, Arthur Berriedale (1879–1944), Sanskritist and jurist, was born on 5 April 1879 at 3 Abercorn Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the fourth of six talented children and the third son of Davidson Keith (1842–1921), advertising agent, and Margaret Stobie Keith, née Drysdale (1851–1911). His father came from a ...

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Lorimer, William Laughton (1885–1967), classical scholar and translator, was born in Strathmartine, near Dundee, on 27 June 1885, the son of the Revd Robert Lorimer (1840–1925), a minister in the United Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Isabella Lockhart Robertson (1849–1931). Lorimer...

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See Macfarlane [Macfarlan], John

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MacGregor, Alexander (1806–1881), Church of Scotland minister and writer of Scottish Gaelic prose, was born on 26 May 1806 at the Mission House, Dalfuil, Glengairn, near Ballater, the eldest of the four children of the Revd Robert MacGregor (1767–1846) and his wife, Janet Menzies...

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Mackay, Mackintosh (1793–1873), Free Church of Scotland minister and Gaelic scholar, was born at Eddrachillis, Sutherland, on 18 November 1793, the son of Alexander Mackay, tacksman of Duartbeg and a captain in the Reay fencibles, and his wife, Helen, eldest daughter of Alexander Falconer...

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Mackenzie, John (1806–1848), collector of Gaelic verse, was born on 17 July 1806 at Meallan Theàrlaich in the parish of Gairloch, Ross-shire. His father, Alasdair, was closely related to the Mackenzie lairds of Gairloch, and his mother, Margaret Mackenzie, was a granddaughter of a famous minister, ...

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MacLachlan, Ewen (1773–1822), poet and Gaelic scholar, was born at Torracaltin, Nether Lochaber, the son of a weaver. After attending the parish school at Kilmallie, he worked as private tutor to several prominent local families. Financial assistance from the chief of the clan ...

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Maclauchlan, Thomas (1816–1886), Free Church of Scotland minister and Gaelic scholar, was born on 29 January 1816 at Moy, Inverness-shire. He was the fourth child of James Maclauchlan, minister of Moy, and his second wife, Catherine Fraser. He was educated initially at home and then at the ...