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Abudacnus, Josephus (fl. 1595–1643), scholar of oriental languages, was born in Cairo. His parents were Copts, his father probably connected with the Ottoman administration. His Arabic name, Yusuf ibn Abu Dhaqn, was Latinized as Josephus Abudacnus (or Barbatus). In 1595, after a rudimentary education in ...

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Hearn, (Patricio) Lafcadio Carlos [Yakumo Koizumi] (1850–1904), author and translator, was born on the Ionian island of Santa Maura, Greece, on 27 June 1850, the eldest surviving child of Surgeon-Major Charles Bush Hearn (d. 1866), later of the East India Company...

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Dame Elizabeth Mary Hill (1900–1996) by unknown photographer, c. 1980 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Hill, Dame Elizabeth Mary (1900–1996), Russian and Slavonic scholar, was born on 24 October 1900 in St Petersburg, Russia, the fifth of the six children (and second of the three daughters) of Frederick William Hill (1860–1924), merchant, and his wife, Louisa Maria Wilhelmina Sophia, ...

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Luke, Frederic Davey [David] (1921–2005), German scholar and translator, was born at Emsworth, Linden Road, Clevedon, Somerset, on 13 June 1921, the son of Thomas Davey Luke, a doctor, and his wife, Jane Thompson, née Pattison. His father died young, and Luke (known in the family as ...

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Mirsky, Dmitry Svyatopolk (1890–1939), Russian scholar, was born on 9 September (28 August os) 1890 on his father's country estate at Gievka, near Kharkov, Ukraine, the second of the four children and eldest son of Prince Pyotr Dmitryevich Svyatopolk-Mirsky (1857–1914), army officer and civil servant, and his wife, ...

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Negri, Solomon (bap. 1665, d. 1727), Arabic scholar and translator, was born in Damascus, and baptized there on 23 February 1665, the son of Ya‘qūb al-Sālihānī and his wife, Setelah. His parents were Arabic-speaking and Orthodox of the patriarchate of Antioch. His name in Arabic appears variously as ...

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Pallis, Alexander (1850–1935), cotton merchant and translator, was born Alexandros Alexandrou Palles on 15 March 1850 at Piraeus, Greece, the youngest child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Alexandros Anastasiou Pales, later Palles (1808/9–1849/50), magistrate, descended from Epirot landowners, and his wife, ...

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Stuart, John Spencer Innes [Johnny] (1940–2003), Russian scholar and art historian, was born on 20 May 1940 at 55 Queen's Road, Aberdeen, the son of Innes Stuart (1905–1992), a Scottish landowner and insurance official then serving as a captain in the Gordon Highlanders...