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Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

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Barrett, David (1914–1998), Finnish and Georgian scholar and translator, was born on 9 May 1914 at 13 Fleetwood Road, Dollis Hill, London, the son of Frank Piggott Barrett, a stationer's commercial traveller and later a coal merchant's clerk, and his wife, Lilian, née...

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R. K. Douglas

revised by Janette Ryan

Beal, Samuel (1825–1889), Sinologist, was born at Devonport on 27 November 1825, the son of William Beal (1785–1872), a Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Mary Anne. He was the younger brother of William Beal (1815–1870), a religious writer. He was educated at Kingswood School...

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Bownas, Geoffrey (1923–2011), Japanese scholar, was born on 9 February 1923 at 6 Hawthorne Avenue, Yeadon, Yorkshire, the only son of Frederick Bownas (1892–1959), telephone engineer, and his wife, Grace Ethel, née Richardson (1884–1963), teacher and shopkeeper. At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Geoffrey Bownas (1923–2011) by Wiesia Cook-Bownas, 2005 © by kind permission of Geoffrey Bownas widow, Wiesia Cook-Bownas

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Charlton, Donald Geoffrey (1925–1995), scholar of French literature, was born on 8 April 1925 at Haslam Maternity Home, Heaton, Bolton, the son of Harry Charlton, local government clerk, and his wife, Hilda, née Whittle. He was educated at Bolton School and read philosophy on a short course scheme at ...

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Cushing, George Frederick (1923–1996), Hungarian scholar, was born in Holway Road, Sheringham, Norfolk, on 17 February 1923, the son of George Irvine James Cushing, United Methodist minister, and his wife, Mary Emily, née Hutchinson. He was educated as a foundation scholar at Nottingham high school...

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Edwards, (Iorwerth) Eiddon Stephen (1909–1996), Egyptologist, was born on 21 July 1909 at 57 Lightfoot Road, Hornsey, London, the second of the two children of Edward Edwards (1870–1944), Persian scholar on the staff of the department of oriental manuscripts at the British Museum...

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Etheridge, John Wesley (1804–1866), Wesleyan Methodist minister and Semitic scholar, was born at Youngwoods, a farmhouse near Newport, Isle of Wight, on 24 February 1804. His father was a Methodist local preacher and had been urged by Wesley to enter the itinerant ministry, but refused. His mother was ...

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Evans, John [pseuds. I. D. Ffraid, Adda Jones] (1814–1875), Welsh scholar and businessman, was born at Tŷ Mawr, Llansanffraid Glan Conwy, on 23 July 1814, the son of David and Grace Evans. His education consisted of two periods, at Abergele in 1824 and at ...

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Grayson, Cecil (1920–1998), Italian scholar, was born on 5 February 1920 at 1 Court 6, Taylor Street, Batley, Yorkshire, the second son of John Grayson (d. 1926), boiler maker, and his wife, Dora, née Hartley (d. c.1980), a seamstress. Educated at ...

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Johns, Claude Hermann Walter (1857–1920), Assyriologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Banwell, Somerset, on 4 February 1857, the eldest son of the Revd Walter Pascoe Johns, a Wesleyan minister, of a yeoman family settled for generations at Wendron, Cornwall, and his wife, ...

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Claude Hermann Walter Johns (1857–1920) by Elliott & Fry, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kilham [née Spurr], Hannah (1774–1832), missionary and student of African languages, born at Sheffield on 12 August 1774, was the seventh child of Peter and Hannah Spurr. Her father, a cutler by trade, was a strict Anglican, but her mother let her attend ...

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Long, James (1814–1887), missionary and Indian scholar, was born in Bandon, co. Cork, the eldest son of John Long, clerk and Methodist local preacher. While a pupil at Bandon grammar school he excelled in classics and developed an interest in languages. He also came under the influence of the evangelical revival of the time, and was converted at a Wesleyan Methodist meeting at the age of fourteen—an experience which determined the direction of his future career. After volunteering for service with the ...

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McClelland, Ivy Lilian (1908–2006), scholar of Spanish literature, was born on 18 May 1908 at 64 Sheil Road, West Derby, Liverpool, the only daughter and elder child of William Henry McClelland, insurance agent, and his wife, Selina, née Foxall. With her brother, Leslie (...

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Moulton, James Hope (1863–1917), biblical and Zoroastrian scholar, the elder son of the Revd William Fiddian Moulton (1835–1898), biblical scholar and headmaster of the Leys School, Cambridge, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of the Revd Samuel Hope, was born at the Wesleyan Institution, Richmond, Surrey...

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Pope, George Uglow (1820–1908), missionary and Tamil scholar, was born on 24 April 1820 in Prince Edward Island, of devout Methodist parents: his father, John Pope (1791–1863), of Padstow, Cornwall, emigrated to Prince Edward Island in 1818 and then moved to Nova Scotia...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by Andrew M. Hill

Scarlett, Nathaniel (1753–1802), bookseller and translator, was born on 28 September 1753, the son of Bartholomew Scarlett and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at Kingswood School, Wiltshire, and from 1767 at Merchant Taylors' School, London. Originally apprenticed as a shipwright, he was afterwards an accountant and projected the ...

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Shellabear, William Girdlestone (1862–1947), missionary and Malay scholar, was born on 27 August 1862 at Buttlands, Wells, Norfolk, the son of Samuel Shellabear, accountant, and manager of the earl of Leicester's estate at Holkham Hall, and his wife, Eliza, née Young. He was educated at ...