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Auty, Robert (1914–1978), philologist, was born on 10 October 1914 at 31 Tooker Road, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of George Auty, headmaster of an elementary school, and his wife, Martha Louise, née Richards. Robert's sister Phyllis...

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Sir Harold Walter Bailey (1899–1996) by Ronald Way, 1972 © reserved / The President and Fellows of Queens' College, Cambridge

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Bailey, Sir Harold Walter (1899–1996), Indo-Iranian scholar and philologist, was born on 16 December 1899 at 54 Northgate Street, Devizes, Wiltshire, one of three sons of Frederick Charles Bailey, labourer, and his wife, Emma Jane, née Richardt. When he was ten his parents moved to ...

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Hall, Fitzedward (1825–1901), oriental scholar and philologist, was born at Troy, New York, on 21 March 1825, the eldest of the family of five sons and one daughter of Daniel Hall, a lawyer, and his wife, Anginetta (or Anjinette) Fitch. A younger brother, ...

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See Hoernlé, (Reinhold Friedrich) Alfred

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by John D. Haigh

Lloyd, Hannibal Evans (1770–1847), philologist and translator, was born in London on 30 May 1770, and was baptized at St Mary Marylebone on the day of his birth, the son of Henry Humphrey Evans Lloyd (c. 1718–1783) and his wife, Mary, the sister of the ...

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Morris, Richard (1833–1894), scholar of early English and philologist, was born at Bermondsey, London, on 8 September 1833, the son of David Morris, a Welsh hatter. He trained as an elementary schoolmaster at St John's College, Battersea, Surrey, though his education was largely self-acquired. On 16 March 1856 he married ...

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Friedrich Max Müller (1823–1900) by George Frederic Watts, 1894–5 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Müller, Friedrich Max (1823–1900), Sanskritist and philologist, was born on 6 December 1823 in Dessau, the capital of the small duchy of Anhalt-Dessau in Germany, the only son of the popular lyric poet Willhelm Müller (1794–1827), and his wife, Adelheid (1799?–1883), elder daughter of ...

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Pennington, Anne Elizabeth (1934–1981), Slavonic philologist, was born on 31 March 1934 at Maarama, Pigeon Lane, Herne Bay, Kent, the second daughter of Alan Mather Pennington (1889–1955), manufacturer, and his wife, Janet Winifred, née Aitken (1894–1966), teacher. She was educated at Simon Langton Girls' Grammar School, Canterbury...

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Battiscombe Gunn

revised by O. R. Gurney

Sayce, Archibald Henry (1845–1933), orientalist and philologist, was born at Shirehampton, near Bristol, on 25 September 1845, the eldest son of Henry Samuel Sayce (d. c.1890), perpetual curate of Shirehampton, and his wife, Mary Anne, née Cartwright. The father came from a ...

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Stephens, George (1813–1895), philologist and runologist, son of John Stephens (1772–1841) of Ongar, a Methodist minister, and his wife, Rebecca Eliza Rayner (d. 1852), was born at Liverpool on 13 December 1813. His brother was Joseph Rayner Stephens (1805–1879). George was educated at private schools and at ...

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Joseph Wright (1855–1930) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wright, Joseph (1855–1930), philologist and dialectologist, was born on 31 October 1855 at Park Hill, Thackley, in the township of Idle, near Bradford, the son of Dufton Wright (1817/18–1866), a woollen cloth weaver and quarryman, and his wife, Sarah Ann Atkinson. His place of birth explained his later whimsical comment: '...

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D. S. Margoliouth

revised by Roger Steer

Young, Robert (1822–1888), philologist and translator, son of George Young, manager of a flour mill, and Jean Dudgeon, was born in Edinburgh or in East Lothian on 10 September 1822; his father died when Robert was a child. After education at private schools, he was apprenticed to the printing trade and set up as a printer and bookseller on his own account in 1847. During his apprenticeship he used his spare time to study Hebrew and other oriental languages, and also interested himself in religious work; for three years he was connected with ...