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Ashmore, John (fl. 1621), translator and poet, was probably a native of the area near Ripon in Yorkshire (to which his poems repeatedly refer), but his life appears obscure. There are no records of his attending university. He was the first to publish a selection of ...

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Peter Davidson and Ian William McLellan

Ayres, Philip (1638–1712), poet and translator, was born at Cottingham, Northamptonshire, and educated at Westminster School under Richard Busby. He is said to have been a member of St John's College, Oxford, but there is no record of his having matriculated at that university. By January 1666 he was attached to ...

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Robert Speaight

revised by Annette Peach

Baring, Maurice (1874–1945), poet and author, was born at 37 Church Street, Mayfair, London, on 27 April 1874, the fifth son of Edward Charles Baring (1828–1897), who became first Baron Revelstoke, banker, and his wife, Louisa Emily Charlotte (d. 1892), daughter of ...

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Maurice Baring (1874–1945) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Belfour, John (1768–1842), Hebrew and Coptic scholar and poet, was a member of the Royal Society of Literature and died from 'decay of nature' at 65 Westmorland Place, Hoxton New Town, London, on 8 June 1842, aged seventy-four; he was buried later in June. Little is known of him. His works included various poems and biblical translations, notably the ...

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Bellenden [Bannatyne], John (c. 1495–1545x8), poet and translator, may have been born in Lothian. He was probably a younger son of Patrick Bellenden (fl. 1486–1520), steward to Margaret Tudor, and Marion Douglas (fl. 1490–1542), nurse to James V. He belonged to a family prominent in royal service throughout the sixteenth century and his parentage also linked him firmly to the ...

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See Bernard, Jeffrey Joseph

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Bevan [née Shuttleworth], (Emma) Frances (1827–1909), translator and poet, was born in Oxford on 25 September 1827, the eldest of three children of Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth (1782–1842), warden of New College, Oxford (1822–40), and bishop of Chichester (1840–42), and Emma Martha Welch...

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Broome, William (bap. 1689, d. 1745), translator and poet, was born at Haslington, Cheshire, and baptized there on 3 May 1689, the son of Randle Broome, a farmer. He was first educated at Eton College, where he was captain of the school until he was eventually sent to ...

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William Broome (bap. 1689, d. 1745) by George Vertue, pubd 1727 (after D. Heins, 1725) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Elizabeth Carter (1717–1806) by Katharine Read, c. 1765 reproduced by kind permission of Dr. Johnson's House Trust

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Carter, Elizabeth (1717–1806), poet, translator, and writer, was born on 16 December 1717 at Deal in Kent, the first child and eldest daughter of the Revd Nicolas Carter (1688–1774), perpetual curate of Deal Chapel, and one of the six preachers at Canterbury Cathedral...

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Chorley, John Rutter (1806–1867), scholar of Spanish literature and poet, was born on 31 July 1806 at Blackley Hurst, near Billinge, Lancashire, the third of the four children of John Chorley (1771–1816), iron worker and lock maker, and his wife, Jane, née Wilkinson (1779–1851)...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Rebecca Mills

Cotter, George Sackville (1755–1831), poet and translator, was the fourth son of Sir James Cotter, baronet (1714–1770), and Arabella, widow of Colonel Cassaubon, MP for Carrig, co. Cork, and daughter and coheir of the Right Honourable John Rogerson, lord chief justice, king's bench...

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Richard Garnett

revised by John D. Haigh

Cottle, Amos Simon (1768?–1800), poet and translator, was born in Gloucestershire, the elder brother of Joseph Cottle (1770–1853) and son of Robert Cottle (d. 1800) and his wife, Sarah (1739–1813), from Trowbridge. He received a classical education at John Henderson's school...

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Charles Cotton (1630–1687) by unknown artist © reserved

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Cotton, Charles (1630–1687), poet and translator, was born at the family seat, Beresford Hall in Staffordshire, on 28 April 1630, the only child of Charles (d. 1658) and Olive, née Stanhope (1614?–1652?). His parents' marriage had caused a scandal when his father eloped with the young heiress and the marriage continued stormy, if one may judge by ...

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Cromwell, Henry (1659–1728), translator and poet, was born on 15 January 1659 at Clifton, Bedfordshire, the second son and third child of Thomas Cromwell (1609–1660), a first cousin of Oliver Cromwell, the lord protector, and Elizabeth Dixie (b. 1627?). It is probable that he was educated at home....

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Joanna Moody

Crosse, William (b. 1589/90), poet and translator, was born in Somerset, 'the son of sufficient parents', and educated at St Mary Hall, Oxford. He matriculated on 28 November 1606, aged sixteen, graduated BA on 14 May 1610 and MA on 9 July 1613, and took holy orders. Soon after this he left ...

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Denisot, Nicolas (1515–1559), French poet and tutor, was born at Le Mans, the son of Jean Denisot (d. 1539), bailiff of Assé and advocate in the provincial court of Le Mans. He learned the arts of engraving and cartography and produced maps of ...