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Forman, Charles (d. 1739), political pamphleteer and translator, was an Irishman by birth, educated as a Roman Catholic, and a Jacobite. Before 1709 he married a woman named Mary in Ireland, where at least one of their sons was born. By December 1710 he was in ...

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Fried, Erich (1921–1988), poet, translator, and essayist, was born on 6 May 1921 in Vienna, the only child of middle-class Jewish parents, Hugo Fried (1890–1938), haulage contractor, later hypnotist, and his wife, Nellie, née Stein (1896–1982). After the Nazi annexation of Austria his father was arrested and beaten to death by the ...

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Hartley [married names Gallichan; Lewis], Catherine Gasquoine (1866/7–1928), author and art historian, was born in Antananarivo, Madagascar, the second of the two daughters of Richard Griffiths Hartley (c.1837–1870), missionary, and his wife, Catherine, née Gasquoine (bap. 1829). Both parents were from wealthy ...

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Abraham Hayward (1801–1884) by Lemercier © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hayward, Abraham (1801–1884), essayist and translator, was born on 22 November 1801 in Wilton, near Salisbury, the eldest son of Joseph Hayward (d. 1844), landed gentleman and writer on agriculture and horticulture, and Mary, daughter of Richard Abraham of White Lackington, Somerset...

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Lee, Elizabeth (1857/8–1920), biographer and translator, was born in Keppel Street, Russell Square, London, the daughter of Lazarus Lee (b. 1824/5), who dealt in ostrich feathers, and his wife, Jessie Davis (b. 1836/7). She was one of at least six children. Her family was Jewish, and had changed its name from ...

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James Fitzmaurice-Kelly

revised by Donald Hawes

Watts, Henry Edward (1826–1904), biographer and translator, was born in Calcutta on 15 October 1826, the son of Henry Cecil Watts, head clerk in the police office at Calcutta, and his wife, Emily, née Weldon. He was educated at a private school in ...