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Austin, Lloyd James (1915–1994), scholar of French literature, was born on 4 November 1915 in Melbourne, Australia, the third of four children (all sons) of J. W. A. Austin and his wife, née J. E. Tymms. He grew up in Melbourne and was educated at ...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Henry Bradley

revised by John D. Haigh

Bosworth, Joseph (1787/8–1876), Old English scholar, the third son of Thomas Bosworth of Etwall, Derbyshire, was born at Etwall and was baptized there on 1 June 1788. He was educated at Repton grammar school, and then at the University of Aberdeen, where at an early age he took the degree of MA, and subsequently that of LLD. He later became a member of ...

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Bowle, John (1725–1788), literary editor, was born on 15 October 1725 at Idmiston, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest of the four children of John Bowle (c.1700–1743), gentleman, and his wife, Sarah (1700–1785), daughter of the Revd Thomas Westley, rector of Brockley, Somerset...

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Chamberlayne, John (1668/9–1723), translator and literary editor, was a younger son of Edward Chamberlayne (1616–1703), author of Angliae notitiae, or, The Present State of England, and his wife, Susannah Clifford (d. 1704). He was probably born in Chelsea but may have spent part of his childhood in ...

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Chorley, John Rutter (1806–1867), scholar of Spanish literature and poet, was born on 31 July 1806 at Blackley Hurst, near Billinge, Lancashire, the third of the four children of John Chorley (1771–1816), iron worker and lock maker, and his wife, Jane, née Wilkinson (1779–1851)...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Clark, John (d. 1807), scholar of Scottish Gaelic literature and land agent, was, in the astringent judgement of the Celtic scholar Alexander Macbain, 'James Macpherson's fellow Badenoch man, contemporary, friend, and sincere imitator in poetry and literary honesty' (Macbain, 186). In 1778 ...

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Cohen, John Michael (1903–1989), translator and literary scholar, was born on 5 February 1903 at 58 Carlton Hill, St John's Wood, London, the son of Arthur Cohen, master upholsterer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Abrahams. Born into an assimilated Jewish family, he was educated at ...

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Day, Mabel Katharine (1875–1964), scholar of medieval English, was born at St Leonards House, Linney, Ludlow, Shropshire, on 5 December 1875, the daughter of the Revd Henry George Day (1830–1900), formerly a fellow of St John's College, Cambridge, and headmaster of Sedbergh grammar school...

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Downs, Brian Westerdale (1893–1984), literary scholar and translator, was born on 4 July 1893 at 5 Beech Grove, Beverley Road, Newland, Kingston upon Hull, the son of James Downs, mechanical engineer, and his wife, Ethel Ester, née Wilson (1866–1958). After attending Abbotsholme School...

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Elstob, Elizabeth (1683–1756), Anglo-Saxon scholar, was born on 29 September 1683 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the youngest of eight children of Ralph Elstob (1647–1688), merchant, and his wife, Jane Hall (d. 1692). After her mother's death Elizabeth was brought up in the household of her father's younger brother ...

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Elizabeth Elstob (1683–1756) by Simon Gribelin, pubd 1709 © Copyright The British Museum

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Elstob, William (1674?–1715), Anglo-Saxon scholar and Church of England clergyman, was probably born on 1 January 1674 and baptized on 15 January at All Saints' Church, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of Jane Hall (d. 1692) and Ralph Elstob (1647–1688). His parents had married on 20 October 1672 at ...

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D. N. Smith

revised by Rebecca Mills

Elton, Oliver (1861–1945), literary scholar and translator, was born on 3 June 1861 at Gresham grammar school, Holt, Norfolk, the only child of the Revd Charles Allen Elton (1820–1887), headmaster of the school, and his wife, Sarah Amelia (b. 1833), daughter of ...

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Oliver Elton (1861–1945) by Augustus John University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Fairlie, Alison Anna Bowie (1917–1993), scholar of French literature, was born on 23 May 1917 at the manse, Lerwick, Shetland, the eldest daughter of Robert Paul Fairlie, minister of the Church of Scotland, and his wife, Florence Annie Allan, née Wilson. She always maintained an intense feeling for her homeland. ...

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Alison Anna Bowie Fairlie (1917–1993) by unknown photographer by permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library

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Flower, Robin Ernest William (1881–1946), scholar of Irish literature and poet, was born on 16 October 1881 at Meanwood, Leeds, the son of Marmaduke Clement William Flower, a portrait painter who had fought on the Confederate side in the American Civil War after being disowned by his family, and his wife, ...

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Gilbert, (Arthur) Stuart Ahluwalia Stronge (1883–1969), Indian civil servant, translator, and literary scholar, was born on 25 October 1883 in Kelvedon Hatch, near Brentwood, Essex, the only child of Major Arthur Stronge Gilbert, retired army officer, and his wife, Melvina, née Rundiher Singh Ahluwalia...