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Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Benisch, Abraham (1811–1878), Hebraist and newspaper editor, was born to Jewish parents at Drossau, a small town 8 miles south-west of Klattau in Bohemia. About 1836 he studied surgery at Prague University where, with other Jewish students, he formed an organization for re-establishing Jewish independence in ...

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Bull, George Anthony (1929–2001), journalist and translator, was born into a working-class Roman Catholic family at 5 Alfred Street, Bow, London, on 23 August 1929, the son of George Thomas Bull, a tramway inspector for the London Passenger Transport Board, and his wife, ...

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Clarke, (Charles) Allen (1863–1935), journalist and dialect writer, was born at 58 Parrot Street, Bolton, Lancashire, on 26 February 1863, the eldest of nine children of Joseph Clarke, a cotton mule spinner, and his wife, Martha, née Marsh, also a factory worker. The journalist ...

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Forman, Charlotte [pseud. Probus] (1715–1787), journalist and translator, was born on 23 October 1715, perhaps in England, one of five children of Charles Forman, an Irish Jacobite and pamphleteer, and his wife, Mary. Charles was a clerk in the English war office...

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Hunt, John Higgs (1780–1859), journal editor and translator, was born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the son of Joseph and Martha Hunt. He was educated at Charterhouse School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he won the Browne medal for a Latin ode (1797), graduated BA in 1801, was elected a fellow in 1803, and proceeded MA in 1804. ...

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Kilmartin, Terence Kevin [Terry] (1922–1991), journalist and translator, was born on 10 January 1922 at Church Road, Greystones, Delgany, co Wicklow, Ireland, the seventh of the eight children of Ambrose Joseph Kilmartin, an Irish civil servant, and his wife, Eva, née Hyland. His ...

Article

J. M. Rigg

revised by Zoë Lawson

Lowe, James (d. 1865), journalist and translator, was the only son of James Lowe of Liverpool. In his early career he was editor of a newspaper at Preston, and from 1843 to 1863 edited The Critic of Literature, Science, and the Drama. He was also a contributor to ...

Article

MacColl, Norman (1843–1904), journal editor and Spanish scholar, was born on 31 August 1843 at 28 Ann Street, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the only child of Alexander Stewart MacColl and his wife, Eliza Fulford of Crediton. His grandfather, Donald MacColl, was an Episcopalian clergyman who later became factor to the ...

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Monroe, Elizabeth (1905–1986), journalist and scholar of the Middle East, was born at the Nurses' Home, Great Malvern, Worcestershire, on 16 January 1905, daughter of Horace Granville Monroe (1872–1933) and his wife, Francis Alice (d. 1932), daughter of the ecclesiastical historian George Thomas Stokes...

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Peter Anthony Motteux (1663–1718) by Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini [with members of his household] © Copyright The British Museum

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Motteux, Peter Anthony [formerly Pierre-Antoine Le Motteux] (1663–1718), journalist and translator, was born on 25 February 1663 in the parish of St Étienne-des-Tonneliers, Rouen, France, the eldest of the nine children of Antoine Le Motteux (1637–1679), merchant and haberdasher, and his wife, ...

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Nodal, John Howard (1831–1909), journalist and dialectologist, was born on 19 September 1831 in Downing Street, Ardwick, Manchester, the son of Aaron Nodal (1798–1855), a Quaker grocer and town councillor. He was a member of the Society of Friends and was educated at ...

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Henry Reeve (1813–1895) by unknown engraver (after Elizabeth Rigby, later Lady Eastlake, 1845) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Reeve, Henry (1813–1895), translator and magazine editor, was born at Norwich on 9 September 1813, the youngest of the three children of Henry Reeve (1780–1814), physician, and his wife, Susan (1788–1853), daughter of the Unitarian hymn writer John Taylor (1750–1826) and sister of the celebrated ...

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Robson, John Henry Matthews (1870–1945), colonial administrator and journalist, was born in Sydney Road, Guildford, Surrey, on 8 May 1870, the eldest son of John Henry Robson, then chaplain at the Surrey County Hospital, and his wife, Martha Esther, née Adcock. He was educated privately and (from 1884 to 1886) at ...

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Jacob Sonntag (1905–1984) by unknown photographer, early 1970s © reserved; private collection

Article

Sonntag, Jacob (1905–1984), journal editor and translator, was born on 15 April 1905 at Vijnita (Wiznitz), northern Bukovina, then a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire (and now in Ukraine), the eldest child (there were three younger brothers and one younger sister) of ...

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Thomas, William Moy (1828–1910), novelist, journalist, and translator, was born in Hackney, Middlesex, on 3 January 1828, the younger son of Moy Thomas (1787–1844) and Harriet Theresa Thomas. His father was a solicitor and vestry clerk of St Mary Woolnoth. The Moy Thomases...

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Townsend, Peter (1919–2006), Sinologist and art magazine editor, was born on 24 August 1919 at 21 Cyril Mansions, East Battersea, London, the third son and fourth of five children of Lewis William Townsend, dentist, poet, and biographer of Oliver Wendell Holmes, and his wife, ...