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Burnaby, William (1673–1706), playwright and translator, was the second son of William Burnaby (1643–1693), brewer, and Isabella (d. 1693), who settled in the parish of St Clement Danes, London. The younger William entered Merton College, Oxford, in 1691, where he was a contemporary of ...

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Compton, James, third earl of Northampton (1622–1681), playwright and translator, was born on 19 August 1622, the eldest of the six sons of Spencer Compton, the second earl (1601–1643), and his wife, Mary (d. 1654), daughter of Sir Francis Beaumont. William Compton...

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Cooke, Edward (fl. 1676–1678), playwright and translator, wrote The Divine Epicurus, or, The Empire of Pleasure over the Vertues (1676), translated from the philosopher Antoine Le Grand. In 1678 he produced A Just and Seasonable Reprehension of Naked Breasts and Shoulders, translated from the work of ...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Antonella Braida

Dancer, John (fl. 1660–1675), translator and playwright, was probably a servant of the duke of Ormond while he was lieutenant of Ireland. To the duke and to his children, Thomas, earl of Ossory, and Lady Mary Cavendish, he dedicated his books, and in 1673 he wrote that he owed to the duke 'all I have and all I am'. ...

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D'Ouvilly, George Gerbier (fl. 1638–1661), playwright and translator, was the eldest son of Sir Balthazar Gerbier (1592–1663/1667), art agent, miniature painter, and architect, and his wife, Deborah Kip (b. 1601). Balthazar Gerbier later styled himself Baron d'Ouvilly. Descended from a Huguenot family which had sought refuge in establishing the French church in ...

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Ebsworth [née Fairbrother], Mary Emma (1794–1881), playwright and translator, was born on 2 September 1794 in London, the eldest daughter of Robert Fairbrother (1769–1841), actor and popular entertainer, and his wife, Mary Bailey, the daughter of the actor Joseph Grimaldi's sometime landlady. Her early life is mostly unrecorded but was influenced strongly by both parents. From her mother, who had been raised in a convent at ...

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Kyd, Thomas (bap. 1558, d. 1594), playwright and translator, was baptized on 6 November 1558 at the church of St Mary Woolnoth in London, the son of Francis Kyd and his wife, Anna (d. 1605).

Kyd's father achieved distinction as warden of the ...

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Lower, Sir William (c. 1610–1662), playwright and translator, was born in Cornwall, the only son of John Lower of Tremere (c.1584–1645, the second of six sons of Thomas Lower of St Winnow) and his first wife, Jane (d. before 1640)...

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Munday, Anthony (bap. 1560, d. 1633), playwright and translator, was baptized on 13 October 1560 in St Gregory by Paul's, London, the son (and possibly only child) of Christopher and Jane Munday, both of whom died when Anthony was a child, some time before January 1571....

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Oxenford, John (1812–1877), playwright and translator, was born on 12 August 1812 at Camberwell, Surrey, the son of William Oxenford (1783–1867), merchant, and his wife, sister of Thomas Massa Alsager. Acquiring most of his compendious knowledge as an autodidact, he was also privately educated for some two years under the tutorship of ...

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Rutter, Joseph (bap. 1610?), playwright and translator, was probably the Joseph Rutter who was baptized on 21 February 1610 in the parish of St Mary Somerset, London, the son of William Rutter. In 1635 he published The shepheards holy-day: a pastorall tragi-comaedie acted before both their majesties at White-hall, by the queenes servants...

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Stapylton [Stapleton], Sir Robert (1607x9?–1669), translator and playwright, was born in Carlton, near Snaith, Yorkshire, the third son of Richard Stapylton (d. 1636), and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Pierrepont. The family was staunchly Roman Catholic in an area which had only partially accepted the Elizabethan religious settlement. There is no record of either birth date or baptism. About 1621 ...

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Sir Robert Stapylton (1607x9?9–1669) by William Marshall, pubd 1647 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sutro, Alfred (1863–1933), playwright and translator, was born at 3 Dean Street, Finsbury Square, London, on 7 August 1863. He was the youngest son of the five children of Helena Cohen (1829/30–1891) and Sigismund Sutro MD (1815–1886), an authority on continental spas who emigrated from ...

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Tate, Nahum (c. 1652–1715), poet, playwright, and translator, probably born in Ireland, was the second of the four sons of Faithful Teate (c.1627–1665/6), and his wife, Katherine. The couple also had three daughters. Tate's father and grandfather (also called Faithful, (...

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Thompson, Benjamin (1775/6–1816), playwright and translator, was the son of Benjamin Blaydes Thompson, a merchant and magistrate of Kingston upon Hull and Eastdale, Yorkshire, and his wife, Deborah Walter. Having 'received a liberal education' (Some account, 4), he was intended for the law, but, finding it uncongenial, went instead to ...