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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Andrewe, Laurence (fl. c. 1520–1530), printer and translator, describes himself in the prologue to his edition of the Hortus sanitatis ([1527]), as 'of the towne of Calis' (sig. Aiir). Andrewe published seven surviving works in London between 1527 and 1529 'at the sygne of the golden crosse' in ...

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Ashmore, John (fl. 1621), translator and poet, was probably a native of the area near Ripon in Yorkshire (to which his poems repeatedly refer), but his life appears obscure. There are no records of his attending university. He was the first to publish a selection of ...

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Aubin, Penelope (1679?–1738), novelist and translator, was the daughter of Sir Richard Temple, third baronet (1634–1697), and his mistress, Anne Charleton, second daughter of the physician and natural philosopher Walter Charleton (1620–1707). Suggestions, originating with Abbé Antoine Prévost, that Penelope was the daughter of a French émigré officer have been disproved by recent research that has also added substantially to aspects of her biography (...

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Austin, Lloyd James (1915–1994), scholar of French literature, was born on 4 November 1915 in Melbourne, Australia, the third of four children (all sons) of J. W. A. Austin and his wife, née J. E. Tymms. He grew up in Melbourne and was educated at ...

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Peter Davidson and Ian William McLellan

Ayres, Philip (1638–1712), poet and translator, was born at Cottingham, Northamptonshire, and educated at Westminster School under Richard Busby. He is said to have been a member of St John's College, Oxford, but there is no record of his having matriculated at that university. By January 1666 he was attached to ...

Article

Robert Speaight

revised by Annette Peach

Baring, Maurice (1874–1945), poet and author, was born at 37 Church Street, Mayfair, London, on 27 April 1874, the fifth son of Edward Charles Baring (1828–1897), who became first Baron Revelstoke, banker, and his wife, Louisa Emily Charlotte (d. 1892), daughter of ...

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Maurice Baring (1874–1945) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Belfour, John (1768–1842), Hebrew and Coptic scholar and poet, was a member of the Royal Society of Literature and died from 'decay of nature' at 65 Westmorland Place, Hoxton New Town, London, on 8 June 1842, aged seventy-four; he was buried later in June. Little is known of him. His works included various poems and biblical translations, notably the ...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bellenden [Bannatyne], John (c. 1495–1545x8), poet and translator, may have been born in Lothian. He was probably a younger son of Patrick Bellenden (fl. 1486–1520), steward to Margaret Tudor, and Marion Douglas (fl. 1490–1542), nurse to James V. He belonged to a family prominent in royal service throughout the sixteenth century and his parentage also linked him firmly to the ...

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Beloe, William (1758–1817), writer and translator, was born in Norwich on 18 February 1758, son of William Beloe (d. 1791), a tradesman, and his wife, Hannah Hedslup (c.1721–1803). His early education in Norwich was followed by several years in Yorkshire...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Benisch, Abraham (1811–1878), Hebraist and newspaper editor, was born to Jewish parents at Drossau, a small town 8 miles south-west of Klattau in Bohemia. About 1836 he studied surgery at Prague University where, with other Jewish students, he formed an organization for re-establishing Jewish independence in ...

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See Bernard, Jeffrey Joseph

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Bevan [née Shuttleworth], (Emma) Frances (1827–1909), translator and poet, was born in Oxford on 25 September 1827, the eldest of three children of Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth (1782–1842), warden of New College, Oxford (1822–40), and bishop of Chichester (1840–42), and Emma Martha Welch...

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Black, Dorothy [Kitty] (1914–2006), theatrical agent and translator, was born on 30 April 1914 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the younger daughter and youngest of six children of Francis Black (d. 1918), quantity surveyor, and his wife, Elizabeth Johanna, née Albertyn. A brother, ...

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Blount [Blunt], Edward (bap. 1562, d. in or before 1632), bookseller and translator, was baptized on 31 January 1562 in the parish of St Laurence Pountney, London, probably the sixth of eight known children of Ralph (Rafe) Blount (Blunt or Blonte; d. 1571)...

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Blundeville, Thomas (1522?–1606?), author and translator, was the eldest son of Edward Blundeville (1492/3–1568), of Newton Flotman, Norfolk, and Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Godsalve. His brother was Jeremy Blundeville of Toft Monks. Suggestions that he was educated at Cambridge remain unsubstantiated; it is possible that he entered ...

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Bohn, Henry George (1796–1884), translator and publisher, was born on 4 January 1796 and baptized in London on 7 February, the first of four sons of John Henry Martin Bohn (c.1757–1843), of Münster, Westphalia, Germany, and Elizabeth Watt, niece of James Watt...