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Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

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Hugh Broughton (1549–1612) by John Payne, 1620 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Broughton, Hugh (1549–1612), divine and Hebraist, was born in Oldbury, Shropshire, the son of Robert Broughton of Broughton, Shropshire. He referred to himself as of Welsh descent but nothing more certain is known. He received his early education from Bernard Gilpin, who prepared him for university and sent him to ...

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Churton, Edward (1800–1874), theologian and Spanish scholar, was born on 10 February 1800 at Middleton Cheney, Northamptonshire, the second son of Ralph Churton (1754–1831), archdeacon of St David's, and his wife, Mary (1770–1829), the daughter of Richard Calcot, of Steane, Northamptonshire. William Churton...

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Davidson, Andrew Bruce (1831–1902), Hebraist and theologian, was born on 25 April 1831 in the farmstead at Ellon, north Aberdeenshire, the son of Andrew Davidson (d. 1863) and Helen Bruce (d. 1876). His parents were keenly interested in the ecclesiastical and theological controversies that were to lead to the Disruption of 1843 and the founding of the ...

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Dickson, William Purdie (1823–1901), theologian and translator, was the third son of George Dickson, Church of Scotland minister of Pettinain, and afterwards of Kilrenny, Fife, and his first wife, Mary Lockhart; he was born at Pettinain manse, Lanarkshire, on 22 October 1823. After attending ...

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Fuller, Nicholas (c. 1557–1623), Hebraist and theologian, was the son of Robert Fuller and Catharine Cresset. Born in Hampshire, he received his early education in Southampton. As a youth he was appointed secretary to Robert Horne and John Watson, successively bishops of Winchester...

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Mackay, John Alexander (1889–1983), theologian and Hispanic scholar, was born on 17 May 1889 in Inverness, Scotland, the eldest of the five children of Duncan Mackay (1859–1948), a tailor and clothier, and his wife, Isabella Macdonald (1869–1933).

Mackay received an MA in 1912 with first-class honours in philosophy from the ...

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Smith, Robert Payne (1818–1895), orientalist and theologian, was born in Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire, on 7 November 1818, the only son and second of four children of Robert Smith (d. 1827), a land agent, and his wife, Esther Argles Payne, of Leggsheath, Surrey...

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Smith, William Robertson (1846–1894), theologian and Semitic scholar, was born on 8 November 1846 at New Farm, Keig, Aberdeenshire, the second of the eight children of William Pirie Smith (1811–1890), Free Church minister at Keig and Tough, and Jane, daughter of William Robertson...

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Valera, Cipriano de (c. 1532–c. 1606), theologian and translator, was probably born in Valera la Vieja in the Badajoz province of Spain; he graduated in logic and philosophy from the University of Seville and then entered the monastery of the Observant Hieronymites at ...

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Joseph White (bap. 1746, d. 1814) by James Thomson, pubd 1796 (after Matthew William Peters) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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D. S. Margoliouth

revised by M. J. Mercer

White, Joseph (bap. 1746, d. 1814), orientalist and theologian, was born at Ruscombe, Gloucestershire, and baptized at Stroud on 19 February 1746, the eldest son of Thomas White (1724–1804), a journeyman broadloom weaver, and Elizabeth Harmer (1723–1772). He received his earliest education from his father and in one of the ...

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Wright, Charles Henry Hamilton (1836–1909), Hebraist and theologian, was born at Dublin on 9 March 1836, the second son of the ten children of Edward Wright, barrister of Floraville, Donnybrook, co. Dublin, and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of Joseph Wright of Beech Hill, Donnybrook...

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Wyon, Olive (1881–1966), translator and theologian, was born on 7 March 1881 at 53 Maitland Park Road, Kentish Town, London, the eldest of the two sons and three daughters of Allan Wyon [see under Wyon family] and his wife, Harriet Gairdner...