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Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...

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Bevan, Anthony Ashley (1859–1933), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born at Trent Park, Barnet, on 19 May 1859, the eldest of the three sons of Robert Cooper Lee Bevan (1809–1890), of Fosbury House, Wiltshire, and Trent Park, head of the great banking-house later known as ...

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Bois, John (1561–1644), biblical translator, was born on 3 January 1561 at Nettlestead, Suffolk, the only child to live to adulthood of William Bois (1513?–1591), rector of West Stow, Suffolk, and his wife, Mirabel, née Pooley (c.1513–c.1601). William Bois...

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Conybeare, Frederick Cornwallis (1856–1924), biblical and Armenian scholar, was born at Coulsdon, Surrey, on 14 September 1856, the third son of John Charles Conybeare (1818/19–1884), barrister, of Coulsdon, and his wife, Mary Catharine, née Vansittart. He was educated at Tonbridge School from 1868 to 1876 (his father having moved to ...

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Cook, Stanley Arthur (1873–1949), biblical scholar and Semitist, was born on 12 April 1873 at St John's Terrace, King's Lynn, Norfolk, the son of John Thomas Cook, coal merchant, and his wife, Frances Sarah Else. He was educated at Wyggeston School, Leicester, and at ...

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Coverdale, Miles (1488–1569), Bible translator and bishop of Exeter, was born, according to Bale, in Yorkshire (patria Eboracensis). No details are known of his parentage or early education. According to Tanner he was ordained priest in Norwich by John Underwood, bishop of ...

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Davies, Richard (c. 1505–1581), bishop of St David's and biblical translator, was born at Plas y Person, Gyffin, Caernarvonshire, the son of Dafydd ap Gronw, curate of Gyffin in the diocese of Bangor, and his ‘wife’, Sioned, daughter of Dafydd ap Richard; such clerical marriages were common in ...

Article

D. S. Margoliouth

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Gandell, Robert (1818–1887), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born in the parish of St Michael, Crooked Lane, London, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Gandell. He was educated at Mill Hill School and at King's College, London, before going to Oxford where he matriculated in 1839 at ...

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Glen, William (1778–1849), missionary and biblical translator, was born in Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, on 30 January 1778, the son of William Glen, tailor. He matriculated at Glasgow University in 1797 but left without a degree and studied at the theological college of the Associate Synod...

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Hooke, Samuel Henry (1874–1968), biblical scholar and orientalist, was born at 1 Chesterton Villas, Cirencester, on 21 January 1874, the elder son of Henry Mann Hooke, a Plymouth Brother, and his wife, Elizabeth Loudoun. Educated at Wirksworth and at St Mark's School, Windsor...

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Huet, Thomas (d. 1591), biblical translator, was probably a native of Brecknockshire and in 1544 was a member of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (though probably not the Huet who took his BA in 1562). He became master of the college of the Holy Trinity...

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Kalisch, Marcus Moritz (1825–1885), Hebraist and biblical commentator, was born of Jewish parents at Treptow, Pomerania, on 16 May 1825. He was educated in Berlin, first at the Gymnasium of the Grauer Kloster, then at the University of Berlin, where he studied classical philology and Semitic languages, and finally at the rabbinical seminary. In 1848 he gained doctorates at the universities of ...

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Kennett, Robert Hatch (1864–1932), biblical and Semitic scholar, was born at Nethercourt, St Lawrence, Thanet, Kent, on 9 September 1864, the only son of four children of John Kennett, farmer, JP for the Cinque Ports and first mayor of Ramsgate, and his second wife, ...

Image

John Lightfoot (1602–1675) by Robert White, pubd 1684 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lightfoot, John (1602–1675), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born at home on 29 March 1602 in Stoke-on-Trent, the second son of Thomas Lightfoot (1577?–1658), vicar of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, for thirty-six years, and Elizabeth Bagnall (1566?–1637). Both his parents had been born near by—his father at ...

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Malan, Solomon Caesar [formerly César Jean Salomon] (1812–1894), orientalist and biblical scholar, was born on 22 April 1812 in the rue Verdaine, Geneva, the eldest of the twelve children of César Henri Abraham Malan (1787–1864), a Reformed minister of Huguenot descent, and his wife, ...

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Martin, Gregory (1542?–1582), Roman Catholic priest and biblical translator, was born at Maxfield in Guestling, Sussex. Little is known about his family and early life. Nominated in 1557 as one of the original scholars at St John's College, Oxford, by Sir Thomas White...

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Mawer, John (1702/3–1763), poet and biblical translator, was the younger son of John Mawer (b. 1668, d. in or after 1729) of Upleatham, Cleveland, and his wife, Elizabeth Hart (d. in or after 1729). After schooling nearby at Kirkleatham he proceeded in 1721 to ...

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W. A. L. Elmslie

revised by R. S. Simpson

McLean, Norman (1865–1947), Semitic and biblical scholar, was born at Lanark on 2 October 1865, the eldest son of the Revd Daniel McLean, a minister of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland in Lanark from 1865, and his wife, Grace Millar. He was educated in ...

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Mede [Mead], Joseph (1586–1638), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born in October 1586 at Berden, Essex, of unknown parents 'of honest rank', according to the 'Life' contained in his collected works, and was related through his father to Sir John Mede (or Mead)...