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Martyn, Henry (1781–1812), missionary and translator, was born on 18 February 1781 in Truro, Cornwall, the third of the four children of John Martyn, a clerk in a merchant's office. His mother, his father's second wife, about whom little is known, died when he was two. The family's exact economic and social status remains uncertain, but ...

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Henry Martyn (1781–1812) by William Say (after Thomas Hickey, 1810) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tyndale, William (c. 1494–1536), translator of the Bible and religious reformer, was born in Gloucestershire, probably in one of the villages near Dursley (possibly Stinchcombe). Landowners, wool merchants, and administrators, the prosperous family was related to the Tyndales of Northamptonshire, Essex, and ...