1-20 of 32 results  for:

  • scholars of language and culture x
Clear all

Article

Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

Article

Bargery, George Percy (1876–1966), missionary and Hausa scholar, was born on 1 October 1876 at 7 Oxford Terrace, St James Road, Exeter, the son of George Thomas Bargery, commercial traveller, and his wife, Ellen Dawes. Educated in Exeter and at the University of London...

Article

Caldwell, Robert (1814–1891), missionary and orientalist, was born near Belfast, Ulster, on 7 May 1814, into an impoverished family. He began working at the age of nine, after his family moved to Glasgow. Largely self-educated, at fifteen he went to live with his elder brother in ...

Article

Carey, Felix (1786–1822), orientalist and missionary, was born on 20 October 1786 at Moulton, Northamptonshire, the eldest son of William Carey (1761–1834), missionary to India, and his first wife, Dorothy Plackett (1756–1807). He accompanied his parents to Bengal in 1793 and was baptized at ...

Image

William Carey (1761–1834) by Robert Home, 1811 [with his chief pandit, Mritunjaya] original owned by BMS World Mission, PO Box 49, Didcot, OX11 8XA, England

Article

Carey, William (1761–1834), orientalist and missionary, was born on 17 August 1761 at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the five children of Edmund Carey and Elizabeth Wells. His father, originally a weaver, became in 1767 parish clerk and schoolmaster, which gave Carey access to a wide range of books. At the age of about fourteen he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in the hamlet of nearby ...

Article

Farquhar, John Nicol (1861–1929), missionary and Indologist, was born on 6 April 1861 in Constitution Street, Aberdeen, the eldest of three children and only son of a local businessman, George Farquhar, and his wife, Christian Alexander. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to an ...

Article

Glen, William (1778–1849), missionary and biblical translator, was born in Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, on 30 January 1778, the son of William Glen, tailor. He matriculated at Glasgow University in 1797 but left without a degree and studied at the theological college of the Associate Synod...

Article

E. F. Spanton

revised by Norman Etherington

Johnson, William Percival (1854–1928), missionary and translator, was born at St Helens, Isle of Wight, on 12 March 1854, the third son of John Johnson, solicitor, of Ryde, and his second wife, Mary Percival. He was educated at Bedford grammar school, where he won an appointment to the ...

Article

R. K. Douglas

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Kidd, Samuel (1804–1843), missionary in Malacca and Chinese scholar, was born on 22 November 1804 at Welton, near Hull, and was educated at the village school in Welton. In 1818 he was sent to Hull, where his thoughts were directed towards a missionary career, and in 1820 he entered the ...

Article

Kilham [née Spurr], Hannah (1774–1832), missionary and student of African languages, born at Sheffield on 12 August 1774, was the seventh child of Peter and Hannah Spurr. Her father, a cutler by trade, was a strict Anglican, but her mother let her attend ...

Article

Krapf, (Johann) Ludwig (1810–1881), linguist of Swahili and first protestant missionary in east Africa, was born on 11 January 1810 at Derendingen near Tübingen, in the kingdom of Württemberg, the youngest of four children of Johann Jakob Krapf (1773–1846), peasant farmer, and his wife, ...

Article

Legge, James (1815–1897), Sinologist and missionary, was born on 20 December 1815 in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, the youngest of the four sons of Ebenezer Legge (1770–1848), a successful drapery merchant, and his first wife, Elizabeth (née Cruickshank; d. 1817). Born into in a 'middling class' household in a 'little grey town' in the lowlands of ...

Article

Long, James (1814–1887), missionary and Indian scholar, was born in Bandon, co. Cork, the eldest son of John Long, clerk and Methodist local preacher. While a pupil at Bandon grammar school he excelled in classics and developed an interest in languages. He also came under the influence of the evangelical revival of the time, and was converted at a Wesleyan Methodist meeting at the age of fourteen—an experience which determined the direction of his future career. After volunteering for service with the ...

Article

Thomas Hamilton

revised by Michael Laird

Marshman, Joshua (1768–1837), orientalist and missionary, son of John Marshman, weaver, who was said to be descended from an officer in the parliamentary army, and Mary Couzener, of Huguenot ancestry, was born at Westbury Leigh, Wiltshire, on 20 April 1768. After some scanty education at the village school, he was apprenticed at fifteen to a ...

Article

Martyn, Henry (1781–1812), missionary and translator, was born on 18 February 1781 in Truro, Cornwall, the third of the four children of John Martyn, a clerk in a merchant's office. His mother, his father's second wife, about whom little is known, died when he was two. The family's exact economic and social status remains uncertain, but ...

Image

Henry Martyn (1781–1812) by William Say (after Thomas Hickey, 1810) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Image

Robert Cotton Mather (1808–1877) by John Cochran (after Henry Room) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by Katherine Prior

Mather, Robert Cotton (1808–1877), missionary and translator, was born at New Windsor, Manchester, on 8 November 1808, the second son of James Mather, Congregational minister of Sheffield and formerly of Clapton. He was educated at Edinburgh and Glasgow universities (MA Glasgow 1831) and at ...

Article

W. A. J. Archbold

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

McCaul, Alexander (1799–1863), Hebrew scholar and missionary to the Jews, was born of protestant parents in Dublin on 16 May 1799. He was educated at a private school, entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 3 October 1814, graduated BA in 1819, and proceeded MA in 1831; he was created DD in 1837. He was for some time tutor to the ...