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Ashley, Sir Anthony, baronet (1551/2–1628), politician and translator of The Mariners Mirrour, was the eldest son of Sir Anthony Ashley of Damerham in Hampshire, a cadet of the long-established Ashleys of Wimborne St Giles (Dorset), and Dorothy, daughter of John Lyte of Lytes Cary (Somerset)...

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Barker, William (fl. 1540–1576), translator and member of parliament, was humbly born but through the patronage of Anne Boleyn was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1540. A Roman Catholic, Barker left for Italy, probably in 1549, and travelled widely throughout the peninsula collecting Latin epitaphs (his ...

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Hall, Arthur (1539–1605), translator and politician, was the only son of Francis Hall, of Grantham, Lincolnshire, deputy surveyor and comptroller of Calais (where Arthur was probably born), and Ursula, daughter of Thomas Sharington. When Francis died he owned lands in and around Calais...

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MacNeill, Eoin [John] (1867–1945), Irish nationalist and Celtic scholar, was born at Glenarm, co. Antrim, on 15 May 1867, the fourth son and sixth of nine children of Archibald MacNeill (1822–1889), baker, sailor, and merchant, and his wife, Rosetta Macauley (1847/8–1918). James McNeill...

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Eoin MacNeill (1867–1945) by unknown photographer, c. 1910 Getty Images

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Dorothy Pentreath (bap. 1692, d. 1777) by unknown engraver, pubd 1781 (after R. Scaddan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pentreath [later Jeffery], Dorothy [Dolly] (bap. 1692, d. 1777), native Cornish speaker, was born at Mousehole, Paul parish, Cornwall, and baptized on 16 May 1692. She was the second of six children of Nicholas Pentreath, a fisherman, and his second wife, Jone...

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Skeffington, Owen Lancelot Sheehy- (1909–1970), French scholar and politician, was born on 19 May 1909 in hospital at 122 Lower Baggot Street, Dublin, the only child of Francis Sheehy-Skeffington (1878–1916), journalist, and Johanna Mary, known as Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington (1877–1946), lecturer and journalist, eldest daughter of ...

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Staunton, Sir George Thomas, second baronet (1781–1859), Sinologist and politician, was born on 26 May 1781 at Milford House, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, only surviving child of Sir George Leonard Staunton (1737–1801), diplomatist, and his wife, Jane, née Collins (1753–1823). His father imposed peculiar educational notions on the boy; he was educated at home under his father's eye and lived entirely in adult society, developing precocious abilities at languages and natural history. In 1792 he attended the turbulent national assembly in ...