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Abercrombie, David (1909–1992), phonetician, was born in Birkenhead on 19 December 1909, the eldest of the three sons and a daughter of the poet and critic Lascelles Abercrombie (1881–1938) and Catherine, née Gwatkin (1881–1968). One of his brothers was the biologist Michael Abercrombie (1912–1979)...

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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his '...

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Armstrong, Lilias Eveline (1882–1937), phonetician, born on 29 September 1882 at 152 Eccles New Road, Pendlebury, near Manchester, was the daughter of James William Armstrong, Free Methodist church minister, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Armstrong, née Hunter. On 24 September 1926, at the ...

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Bright, Timothy (1549/50–1615), physician and writer on shorthand, was the son of William Bright (d. 1592), possibly the William Bright who was mayor of Cambridge in 1571. Sheffield, Yorkshire, has been given as his birthplace, but Bright himself stated that he was born and educated in ...

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Alexander John Ellis (1814–1890) by Naudin & Co., 1886 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ellis [formerly Sharpe], Alexander John (1814–1890), phonetician and mathematician, was born Alexander John Sharpe in Hoxton, London, on 14 June 1814, the elder of the two sons of James Birch Sharpe (bap. 1789) and his wife, Ann Ellis. They first sent him to a private boarding-school at ...

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Gimson, Alfred Charles [Gim] (1917–1985), phonetician, was born on 7 June 1917 at 587 Garratt Lane, Wandsworth, London, the son of Charles Edmund Gimson, munition factory fireman, and his wife, Kate Louise Derbyshire. He was educated at Earlsfield primary school in Wandsworth, London...

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Hart, John (c. 1501–1574), herald and phonetician, belonged to a family of tenant farmers long settled at Northolt, near London; his father, John Hart, died about 1500. There are no records of his baptism and education, but his writings demonstrate that he was a well-read man, acquainted not only with classical languages, but also with several contemporary vernaculars. He may have spent some time at the ...

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Eugénie Jane Andrina Henderson (1914–1989) by unknown photographer photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Henderson [married name Meier], Eugénie Jane Andrina (1914–1989), phonetician and linguistic scholar, was born on 2 October 1914 at Rose Villa, Archbold Terrace, Newcastle upon Tyne, the daughter of William Alexander Cruikshank Henderson, civil engineer, and his wife, Pansy Viola, née Schurer...

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Daniel Jones

revised by John D. Haigh

James, Arthur Lloyd (1884–1943), phonetician, was born at Pentre, Glamorgan, on 21 June 1884, the son of William James, mining engineer and colliery manager, and his wife, Rachel, née Clark. He was educated at Llanelli, the Pontypridd pupil teachers' centre, and University College, Cardiff...

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Daniel Jones (1881–1967) by unknown photographer Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand

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Jones, Daniel (1881–1967), phonetician, was born on 12 September 1881 at 12 Norfolk Crescent, near Marble Arch in central London, the son of a leading London barrister, also named Daniel Jones (1834–1915), and his second wife, Viola Carte (1848–1925). Jones was the third of four sons (his two elder brothers being from his father's previous marriage). His mother came from a notable musical family and was the sister of ...

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Steele, Joshua (c. 1700–1796), plantation owner and writer on prosody, was born at the start of the eighteenth century but where and to whom is not known. Although his later writings suggest that he was educated, it is not known where or when. He may have lived for a time in ...

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Sweet, Henry (1845–1912), phonetician and comparative philologist, was born on 15 September 1845 at 11 Mecklenburgh Street, London, the eldest of the three sons of George Sweet (1814–1879), a barrister, and his wife, Alice Nicholson (d. in or after 1879). On his father's side the family had connections with the west country, and on his mother's, with ...

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Tiffin, William (1695/6–1754), phonetician and stenographer, was born at Crimplesham, near Downham Market, Norfolk, the son of Roger Tiffin, gentleman, of a family long settled in that area. He was educated at Downham Market under Mr Robinson, and at Norwich under Mr Pate...

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Ward, Ida Caroline (1880–1949), phonetician and scholar of west African languages, was born at Bradford, Yorkshire, on 4 October 1880, the eighth child of Samson Ward, a wool merchant, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Charles Tempest, also of Bradford. She went to school in ...