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Beck, Cave (bap. 1622, d. 1706), writer on universal language and Church of England clergyman, second son of John Beck, 'pandoxator' or brewer, and Anne Flecher (probably née Cave, and widow of Adam Flecher), was born in the parish of St James's, Clerkenwell...

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Chamberlain [Chamberlen], Nathaniel (bap. 1612), linguist and physician, was the third son of the barber–surgeon Peter Chamberlen the younger (1572–1626) [see under Chamberlen family] and his wife, Sara, daughter of William Delaune (c. 1530–1611). He was baptized at the French church in ...

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Cheeke, William (fl. 1592–1615?), anagrammatist, is of obscure origin. In his only printed work he identifies himself as ‘Gulielmo Checo Durotrige’ and ‘Guil. Cheeke. Austro-Britannus’, suggesting a connection with southern England, perhaps Dorset. He entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, at the beginning of 1592 and graduated BA from there on 14 February 1596....

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Crowther, Samuel Ajayi (c. 1807–1891), bishop of western Africa and linguistic scholar, was born of Yoruba parents at Oshogun, in the south-west of Nigeria. Captured in war in 1821 he was sold on 7 April 1822 to a Portuguese slave ship in Lagos...

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Dalgarno, George (c. 1616–1687), writer on language, was 'borne at Old Aberdeen, and bred in the university at New Aberdeen', according to Wood (Wood, Ath. Oxon., 506). No primary documentary evidence has survived concerning his family background. His date of birth, usually given as about 1626 on the basis of ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by S. J. Skedd

Dyche, Thomas (d. 1722x7), schoolmaster and writer on language, is of unknown origins. He was educated at Ashbourne Free School, Derbyshire, under the Revd William Hardestee, and subsequently took holy orders. He moved to London and in 1708 was keeping a school in ...

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Firth, John Rupert (1890–1960), linguistic scholar, was born on 17 June 1890 at Keighley, Yorkshire, the elder son of William Firth, bookkeeper, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Waller.

John Rupert Firth was educated at Keighley grammar school and the University of Leeds, where he obtained first-class honours in history (1911) and took his MA degree in 1913. He married ...

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Gwynn, (John) Peter Lucius (1916–1999), administrator in India and linguist, was born on 22 June 1916 at 37 Hyde Park Mansions, Marylebone, London, the eldest child and only son of John Tudor Gwynn (1881–1956), a member of the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, ...

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Harrison, Robert (1714/15–1802), natural philosopher and linguist, son of Robert Harrison, was born in Durham, where he was baptized on 1 March 1715 at St Nicholas's Church. He was a king's scholar at Durham School, practised law in Yarm, and married Anne Hett (1716/17–1799)...

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Higgins, John (b. c. 1544, d. in or before 1620), poet and linguist, was a student at Christ Church, Oxford (according to Thomas Hearne), though his name does not appear in the university register. From about the age of twenty he began to 'learne the tongues' (...

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See Lee, William

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Lodwick, Francis (bap. 1619, d. 1694), linguistic scholar, was baptized in the London Dutch church, his birth being registered on 8 August 1619 at St Nicholas Acons, London. His parents, Waldrave Lodwick and Judith Roussel, had been married in the French church, London...

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Paradise, John (1743–1795), linguist, was born at Salonika in Macedonia in April 1743, the only son of Peter Paradise (1704–1779), British consul in that town since 1741, and his wife, the half-Greek daughter of Philip Lodvill (d. 1767). John was educated at the ...

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Paschall, Andrew (1631?–1696), Church of England clergyman and advocate for a universal language, was born in Soper Lane, London. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1647, proceeding BA in 1651, MA in 1654, and BD in 1661. A fellow of Queens'...

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Perry [Parry], Henry (1560/61–1617), linguistic scholar, was born at Greenfield, Flintshire. Through his father, Harri Owen, he was descended from the Tudor family of Penmynydd, Anglesey, and could trace descent from Llewellyn ap Gruffudd, last native prince of Wales (d. 1282). His name is also given as ...

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Ray, Sidney Herbert (1858–1939), schoolteacher and linguist, was born on 28 May 1858 at 1 Ashford Street, Hoxton Old Town, London, the son of Septimus Ray, omnibus conductor, and his wife, Louisa Mary Ann Wort. He attended the British School at Abbey Street, Bethnal Green...

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Redpath, Henry Adeney (1848–1908), biblical and linguistic scholar, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 19 June 1848, the eldest son of Henry Syme Redpath, solicitor, of Sydenham, and his wife, Harriet Adeney, of Islington. In 1857 he entered Merchant Taylors' School, London, and in 1867 he won a scholarship to ...

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Reeve [Rive], Edmund (d. 1660), linguistic scholar and Church of England clergyman, may have come from East Anglia (where the family name was well known) or had an early connection with Cambridge. In later life he acknowledged that 'the first instrument which Godd used for to instruct me in the catholicke faith' was ...

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Robins, Robert Henry (1921–2000), linguistic scholar, was born on 1 July 1921 at Cullingworth, Callis Court Road, Broadstairs, Kent, the third and youngest son of John Norman Robins (1877–1958), physician and surgeon, and his wife, Muriel Winifred Porter (1884–1958). At Tonbridge School he developed a love for Latin and Greek, and in the sixth form also for history, when he was introduced to American history. He went up to ...

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Russell [née Cooke], Elizabeth, Lady Russell [other married name Elizabeth Hoby, Lady Hoby] (1528–1609), linguist and courtier, was the third of five learned daughters of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576) of Gidea Hall, Essex, tutor to Edward VI, and his wife, Anne...