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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Bathe, William (1564–1614), Jesuit and linguistic scholar, was born on Easter Sunday, 2 April 1564, the eldest son of John Bathe (or Bath, d. 1586), of Drumcondra on the outskirts of Dublin, and his wife, Eleanor (d. c.1575), daughter of Jenico Preston, ...

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Richard Irvine Best (1872–1959) by John Butler Yeats, 1906 Courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Best, Richard Irvine (1872–1959), philologist and bibliographer, was born at 3 Bishop Street, Derry, on 17 January 1872, the son of Henry Best (who was of English descent), an excise officer, and his wife, Margaret Jane Irvine. He was educated at Foyle College...

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Blount, Thomas (1618–1679), antiquary and lexicographer, was born at Bordesley Park, Worcestershire, the eldest of the three sons and five daughters of Miles Blount (c.1585–1663), gentleman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1669), daughter of William Bustard of Adderbury. Both his parents were from strongly Catholic families and his adherence to the religion was to affect his life profoundly. It is not known where he was first educated, but he did not attend a university, and his choice of a legal training—he entered the ...

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Bonaparte, Louis Lucien (1813–1891), philologist, was born at Thorngrove, a house in the parish of Grimley, Worcestershire, on 4 January 1813, the sixth child of Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino (1775–1840), who was the second surviving brother of the emperor Napoléon I, and his second wife, ...

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Bullokar, John (bap. 1574, d. 1627), physician and lexicographer, was born in St Andrew's parish, Chichester, Sussex, and was baptized there on 8 November 1574, the third of four known children of William Bullokar (c. 1531–1609) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Diggons (...

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Bullokar, William (c. 1531–1609), spelling reformer and grammarian, belonged to a landed family from west Sussex, and in three surviving legal documents is styled gentleman. His parents were William Bullokar and Elizabeth Bowyer, of Broadwater, Sussex. William the younger may have been born at ...

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Bythner, Victorinus (c. 1605–c. 1670), grammarian and university teacher, was born at Głębowicach in the Sandomierz district of south-eastern Poland, one of several sons of Bartholomäus Bythner (1559/60–1629), a Catholic theologian of Calvinistic beliefs and the author of several influential works highly regarded by European Catholics and protestants alike. The ...

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Cokayne [alias Browne], Thomas [pseud. T. C.] (1587–1638), lexicographer, was born on 21 January 1587 at Mapleton, near Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the son of Sir Edward Cokayne of Ashbourne (d. 1606), sheriff of the county, and his wife, Jane (d...

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Dillon, Emile Joseph [pseud. E. B. Lanin] (1854–1933), journalist and philologist, was born in Dublin on 21 March 1854, the second son of Michael Dillon, a foundry and hardware merchant, and his wife, Mary Byrne. In accord with his father's wishes, Dillon...

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Emile Joseph Dillon (1854–1933) by Sir William Orpen National Gallery of Ireland

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Farnaby, Thomas (1574/5–1647), schoolteacher and grammarian, was the son of a London carpenter, also named Thomas, and his wife, Dorothy Foxcroft; he was probably the Thomas Fernabye baptized at St Michael Bassishaw, London, on 21 September 1575. According to Wood, he was a relative of the composer ...

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Norman Moore

revised by John D. Haigh

Foley, Daniel (c. 1815–1874), philologist, was born at Tralee, co. Kerry, the son of Timothy Foley, a merchant. His parents were poor, and he never wore shoes until he was employed in the shop of Patrick Grey in Tralee. Under the influence of a local clergyman he left the ...

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Gillow, Joseph (1850–1921), biographical lexicographer and genealogist, was born on 5 October 1850 at Frenchwood House, Preston, Lancashire, the son of Joseph Gillow (1801–1872), a magistrate, and his wife, Jane Haydock, née Smith (1805–1872), of Lea. The Gillows were a long-established Roman Catholic yeoman family who could trace an unbroken pedigree back to ...

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Haliday [O'Hara], William [pseud. Edmond O'Connell] (1788–1812), grammarian of Irish, was born in Dublin, the son of William Haliday, or Halliday, an apothecary; he was the elder brother of Charles Haliday. He was trained as a solicitor, and learned Irish from three Munstermen who lived in ...

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Hawkins, John (c. 1587–c. 1641), grammarian and translator, belonged to the old Catholic family of Hawkins from Nash Court, Boughton under Blean, Kent. He was the son of Sir Thomas Hawkins (1548/9–1617), landowner, and his wife, Ann, née Pettyt (1551/2–1616). Two of his elder brothers, ...

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Hennessy, William Maunsell [Uilliam Ua hAonghusa] (1828/9–1889), linguistic scholar, was born at Castlegregory, co. Kerry, and was educated privately, passing his early youth with a maternal uncle, Dr Finn. A native speaker of Irish and English, he received a grounding in the classics, and later exhibited knowledge of German and French. He spent some years in the ...

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Ó Maolmhuaidh, Froinsias [Francis O'Molloy or Molloy] (c. 1606–1677?), theologian and grammarian, was born in the diocese of Meath, most probably in the traditional O'Molloy territory of Fercall, in the King's county portion of that diocese. His precise position within the O'Molloy kin group is not known. In old age he recorded stories he had heard from eyewitnesses in his youth of a great Christmas banquet for 960 people, lasting twelve days, held by ...

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Ó Neachtain, Tadhg [Thady Naughton or Norton] (c. 1670–c. 1752), scribe and lexicographer, was probably the eldest son of Seán Ó Neachtain (1645x50?–1729) and his first wife, Úna Nagle (d. c.1703), and was born about 1670, maybe even in Dublin...