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Anwykyll, John (d. 1487), schoolmaster and grammarian, owned a surname, spelt in several ways, which is probably a variant of the place name Aldwincle in Northamptonshire. Anwykyll is first recorded as a student of grammar at Cambridge University in 1473–4, where he gained permission to graduate as a master of grammar in 1474–5. He next appears at Michaelmas 1483 as master of ...

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Clemens Scottus [Clemens Scotus] (fl. c. 814–826), grammarian, was an Irish teacher at the court of Louis the Pious (r. 814–40). Born presumably in Ireland in the second half of the eighth century, he joined the band of Scotti peregrini, Irish migrants to ...

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Conches, William de (c. 1085–c. 1154), grammarian and commentator on classical texts, derived from Conches in south-east Normandy. The most important source for his life is the Metalogicon of John of Salisbury, who studied under William between 1138 and 1141. John says that ...

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Cornwall [Bryan], John (d. 1349), schoolmaster and grammarian, described himself in his will as 'John Bryan of Cornwall [Cornubia]', making it likely that he originated in that county. He occurs as an inhabitant of Oxford in 1341 and as master of a grammar school there between 1344 and 1349, his school lying between ...

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Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug (d. in or before 1371), grammarian and poet, was presumably a native of the township of Hiraddug in the parish of Cwm, which was part of the commote of Rhuddlan in the hundred of Tegeingl in north-east Wales. He may have been the boy '...

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Edern Dafod Aur (fl. 13th–15th cent.), grammarian, is of very uncertain identity. Edern is a not uncommon personal name; the incorrect Edeyrn first appears in 1621. Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur, a brief discussion attributed to him of the letters of the alphabet and of word-formations, is found in some five manuscripts dating from ...

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Einion Offeiriad (d. 1353?), grammarian, is the supposed author of the earliest extant Welsh bardic treatise (‘grammar’). Neither the personal name nor the epithet (which means ‘the Priest’) is uncommon and not all notices of an Einion Offeiriad need refer to the same person, though the concurrence of dates and of localities, together with the literary associations revealed in them, make it inherently probable that most actually do so. ...

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Garland, John of (b. c. 1195, d. in or after 1258), grammarian, lexicographer, and poet, was born in England, in a place he calls by its Latin name Gingia, perhaps Ginge in the Wantage hundred in Berkshire.

Garland studied at Oxford University under one ...

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Geoffrey the Grammarian (fl. 1440), lexicographer and Dominican friar, is the identity attached by tradition to the compiler of the Anglo-Latin dictionary known as the Promptorium parvulorum. In a Latin preamble the compiler says of himself only that he is 'fratrem predicatorem reclusum Lenne Episcopi', and that he completed the work in 1440. It has been widely accepted that this means that, like the spiritual adviser who encouraged ...

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Hanneya [Hanney], Thomas (fl. 1313), grammarian, wrote a treatise, De quatuor partibus grammaticae ('On the four parts of grammar'), generally known as the Memoriale juniorum. This work, which discusses all four parts of Latin grammar in 160 pages, is extant in complete form in six medieval manuscripts, and incompletely or fragmentarily in three. A note at the end of the table of contents states that ...

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Holt, John (d. 1504), schoolmaster and grammarian, was the son of William Holt (or Smyth), sometime mayor and tradesman of Chichester, Sussex, and, apparently, his first wife, Joan. His schooling may have taken place in Chichester, but he is first recorded being admitted as a probationary fellow of ...

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Horman, William (1457–1535), schoolmaster and grammarian, came from the parish of St Thomas, Salisbury, Wiltshire, and was admitted as a scholar of Winchester College in 1468. He was promoted to be a scholar of New College, Oxford, in 1475 and a fellow two years later, graduating BA in 1480 and MA about three years later. In 1484 he was ordained subdeacon at ...

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Kendal [Kendale], Richard (d. 1431?), grammarian, is recorded in the catalogue of the library of Syon Monastery, Isleworth, Middlesex (now Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 141), as the author of a grammatical work which had apparently been lost from the library by 1526. In his index of British writers the sixteenth-century bibliographer ...

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Leylond [Leyland, Leland], John (d. 1428), grammarian, was perhaps a native of Leyland, Lancashire. He has been called ‘the elder’ to distinguish him from his namesake, probably a relative, the antiquary John Leland, who said of him, in words that may echo the grammarian's own publicity as well as substantial reputation: 'Ut rosa flos florum, sic ...

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Lily, William (1468?–1522/3), grammarian and schoolmaster, was born at Odiham in Hampshire. Nothing is known of his parents, and the estimate of the date of his birth is based on his age at death, recorded as fifty-four on his memorial tablet in the old ...

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Pinnock, Osbern [known as Osburn Pinnuc Claudianus] (fl. c. 1148), Benedictine monk, theologian, and lexicographer, was a monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, under Abbot Hamelin (1148–79) and possibly Gilbert Foliot (1139–48). The name Pinnuc (BL, Royal MS 8 B.xxi) suggests birth near ...

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Roger [called Roger Computista] (fl. after 1350), lexicographer and Benedictine monk, is known only from references in his own biblical dictionary, Expositiones vocabulorum quae sunt in Biblia. No evidence survives to account for the sobriquet Computista under which he is commonly known, though it may refer to mathematical skills. In the ...

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Seward [Seguarde], John (1364/5–1435/6), schoolmaster, grammarian, and poet, appears to have originated in the north of England and to have been educated there, perhaps at Norham, Northumberland, and Guisborough in the North Riding of Yorkshire, before studying at Oxford University of which he called himself 'an unworthy subject'; he also wrote respectfully of ...

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Simson, Andrew (c. 1526–1591?), grammarian and Church of Scotland minister, studied at King's College, Aberdeen, probably under the humanist John Vaus and certainly under his assistant and successor Theophilus Stewart. By late May 1550 he was master of the grammar school at Perth...

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Stanbridge, John (1463–1510), schoolmaster and grammarian, was born in the summer of 1463, and admitted as a scholar of Winchester College in 1475 from Adderbury, Oxfordshire. Later references suggest that his home address changed first to Bodicote near Adderbury, and then to Heyford, Northamptonshire...