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Chamberlain [Chamberlen], Nathaniel (bap. 1612), linguist and physician, was the third son of the barber–surgeon Peter Chamberlen the younger (1572–1626) [see under Chamberlen family] and his wife, Sara, daughter of William Delaune (c. 1530–1611). He was baptized at the French church in ...

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Cotgrave, Randle (fl. 1587–1630?), lexicographer, was the son of Randle Cotgrave (c.1535–1592), of Christleton, notary public, minor canon in Chester Cathedral, and registrar to the bishop of Chester, and Ellen Taylor (d. 1591) of Chester. Randle was the second son of five children—six, if ...

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Hollyband, Claudius (1534/5–1597), linguist and writer, was born Claude de Sainliens (or Desainliens) in the Bourbonnais in central France, possibly in the city of Moulins. Nothing is known of his early life before he settled in England in 1564 or 1565 as a Huguenot refugee. A consummate self-publicist, he adapted extremely well to Elizabethan ...

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Miege, Guy (bap. 1644, d. in or after 1718), author and lexicographer, was baptized in Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, on 30 May 1644, a younger son of Sebastian Meyjoz (d. after 1674) or Meige and his wife, Esther Blevet. Admitted as a student to the ...

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Norris, Edwin (1795–1872), linguist and Assyriologist, was born on 24 October 1795 in Taunton, Somerset, the son of a printer from a prominent local family that migrated from Devon in the sixteenth century. He was educated at a local school where the headmaster was his uncle ...

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Palairet, Elias (1713–1765), classical and biblical philologist, was born in Rotterdam, of a French family which had taken refuge in the Netherlands following the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685. He studied at Leiden, where his first published work, the Histoire du patriarche Joseph mise en vers héroïques...

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Roget, Peter Mark (1779–1869), physician and philologist, was born in Broad Street, Soho, London, on 18 January 1779. He was the only son of John Roget (d. 1783), a native of Geneva and pastor of the French protestant church in Threadneedle Street, London...

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Peter Mark Roget (1779–1869) by William Brockedon, 1835 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wiliems [Williams], Thomas (b. 1545/6?, d. in or before 1623?), Welsh lexicographer, was the son of Wiliam ap Tomos ap Gronwy, and Catherine, the illegitimate daughter of Meredydd ab Ifan, founder of the Wynn family of Gwydir and great-grandfather of its historian, Sir John Wynn...