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Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar, was born at Hackney, Middlesex, on 23 September 1814, the son of John Allen (1771–1839), a dissenting layman and author of A History of Modern Judaism (1816), and his wife, Charlotte Jane. He was educated at his father's school and at ...

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Chamberlain [Chamberlen], Nathaniel (bap. 1612), linguist and physician, was the third son of the barber–surgeon Peter Chamberlen the younger (1572–1626) [see under Chamberlen family] and his wife, Sara, daughter of William Delaune (c. 1530–1611). He was baptized at the French church in ...

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Coles, Elisha (c. 1640–1680), lexicographer and stenographer, the son of John Coles (1623/4–1678), schoolmaster of Wolverhampton grammar school, and his wife, Joyce, was probably born about 1640 in Northamptonshire. He was the nephew of Elisha Coles the Calvinist, and has been often confused with his uncle's son, also ...

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Cotgrave, Randle (fl. 1587–1630?), lexicographer, was the son of Randle Cotgrave (c.1535–1592), of Christleton, notary public, minor canon in Chester Cathedral, and registrar to the bishop of Chester, and Ellen Taylor (d. 1591) of Chester. Randle was the second son of five children—six, if ...

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Hollyband, Claudius (1534/5–1597), linguist and writer, was born Claude de Sainliens (or Desainliens) in the Bourbonnais in central France, possibly in the city of Moulins. Nothing is known of his early life before he settled in England in 1564 or 1565 as a Huguenot refugee. A consummate self-publicist, he adapted extremely well to Elizabethan ...

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Miege, Guy (bap. 1644, d. in or after 1718), author and lexicographer, was baptized in Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, on 30 May 1644, a younger son of Sebastian Meyjoz (d. after 1674) or Meige and his wife, Esther Blevet. Admitted as a student to the ...

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Norris, Edwin (1795–1872), linguist and Assyriologist, was born on 24 October 1795 in Taunton, Somerset, the son of a printer from a prominent local family that migrated from Devon in the sixteenth century. He was educated at a local school where the headmaster was his uncle ...

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Palairet, Elias (1713–1765), classical and biblical philologist, was born in Rotterdam, of a French family which had taken refuge in the Netherlands following the revocation of the edict of Nantes in 1685. He studied at Leiden, where his first published work, the Histoire du patriarche Joseph mise en vers héroïques...

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Palsgrave, John (d. 1554), teacher and scholar of languages, was born in London. The identity of his parents is unknown, though Palsgrave was evidently close to his mother, his provision for her being mentioned in the state papers in 1529. He is first recorded at the end of 1503 as a student at ...

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Roget, Peter Mark (1779–1869), physician and philologist, was born in Broad Street, Soho, London, on 18 January 1779. He was the only son of John Roget (d. 1783), a native of Geneva and pastor of the French protestant church in Threadneedle Street, London...

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Peter Mark Roget (1779–1869) by William Brockedon, 1835 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Whittington, Robert (c. 1480–1553?), schoolmaster and grammarian, described himself as a man of Lichfield, Staffordshire, and was probably born in or near the city; his surname is that of an adjoining village. He was a pupil of the grammarian John Stanbridge, perhaps at ...

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Wiliems [Williams], Thomas (b. 1545/6?, d. in or before 1623?), Welsh lexicographer, was the son of Wiliam ap Tomos ap Gronwy, and Catherine, the illegitimate daughter of Meredydd ab Ifan, founder of the Wynn family of Gwydir and great-grandfather of its historian, Sir John Wynn...